Madison County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Madison County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1854
Seat Madisonville
Largest City Madisonville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

472 sq mi (1,222 km²)
466 sq mi (1,207 km²)
6.4 sq mi (17 km²), 1.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

13,664
29/sq mi (11/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.madison.tx.us
Named for: James Madison
Madison County, TX, Museum IMG 1020
The Madison County Museum in Madisonville
Bales of rolled hay west of Crockett, TX IMG 1011
Bales of rolled hay off Texas State Highway 21 east of Madisonville

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,664. Its seat is Madisonville. The county was created in 1853 and organized the next year. It is named for James Madison, the fourth president of the United States.

History

The current Madison County Courthouse was built in 1970. It is at least the fifth courthouse to serve Madison County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 472 square miles (1,220 km2), of which 466 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (1.3%) is covered by water.

The county has three natural borders: its eastern boundary is defined by the Trinity River, its western boundary is defined by the Navasota River, and the portion of its southern border adjacent to Walker County is defined by Bedias Creek.

Major highways

  • I-45.svg Interstate 45
  • US 190.svg U.S. Highway 190
  • Texas 21.svg State Highway 21
  • Texas 75.svg State Highway 75
  • Texas 90.svg State Highway 90
  • Texas OSR.svg State Highway OSR

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,238
1870 4,061 81.5%
1880 5,395 32.8%
1890 8,512 57.8%
1900 10,432 22.6%
1910 10,318 −1.1%
1920 11,956 15.9%
1930 12,227 2.3%
1940 12,029 −1.6%
1950 7,996 −33.5%
1960 6,749 −15.6%
1970 7,693 14.0%
1980 10,649 38.4%
1990 10,931 2.6%
2000 12,940 18.4%
2010 13,664 5.6%
Est. 2015 14,065 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 12,940 people, 3,914 households, and 2,837 families residing in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 4,797 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 66.79% White, 22.87% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 7.90% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. 15.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,914 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 13.00% from 18 to 24, 31.90% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 142.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 155.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,418, and the median income for a family was $35,779. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $19,777 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,056. About 12.30% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.00% of those under age 18 and 16.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Town

Unincorporated community


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