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Caledonia, Minnesota facts for kids

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Caledonia
Houston County Courthouse in Caledonia
Motto(s): 
"Wild Turkey Capital of Minnesota" and "The Heart of Quilt Country"
Location of Caledoniawithin Houston County and state of Minnesota
Location of Caledonia
within Houston County and state of Minnesota
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Houston
Founded 1854
Area
 • Total 2.82 sq mi (7.32 km2)
 • Land 2.82 sq mi (7.32 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,181 ft (360 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,868
 • Estimate 
(2019)
2,753
 • Density 974.86/sq mi (376.33/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
55921
Area code(s) 507
FIPS code 27-09226
GNIS feature ID 0640732

Caledonia is a city in Houston County, Minnesota, United States and is part of the La Crosse, Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,868 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Houston County.

History

Caledonia was platted in 1854-1855. The town was named by founder Col. Samuel McPhail for the ancient Roman word for Scotland. A post office has been in operation at Caledonia since 1855. Caledonia was incorporated in 1870, and was reincorporated in 1889.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.84 square miles (7.36 km2), all of it land. Caledonia is located 17 miles southwest of La Crosse, Wisconsin.

Minnesota Highway 44 and Minnesota Highway 76 are two of the main routes in the community.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 470
1880 894 90.2%
1890 927 3.7%
1900 1,175 26.8%
1910 1,372 16.8%
1920 1,570 14.4%
1930 1,554 −1.0%
1940 1,985 27.7%
1950 2,243 13.0%
1960 2,563 14.3%
1970 2,619 2.2%
1980 2,691 2.7%
1990 2,846 5.8%
2000 2,965 4.2%
2010 2,868 −3.3%
2019 (est.) 2,753 −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,868 people, 1,247 households, and 740 families living in the city. The population density was 1,009.9 inhabitants per square mile (389.9/km2). There were 1,344 housing units at an average density of 473.2 per square mile (182.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 1.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 1,247 households, of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.7% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 40.5 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 20.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

Transportation

The Houston County Airport serves general aviation in the region.

Education

Caledonia is home to Caledonia High School. St. Mary's Catholic School (K-8) and St. John's Lutheran School (Pre-K-8) are private schools.

Notable people

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