Camden, New South Wales facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Camden
SydneyNew South Wales
Population: 3,244
Established: 1840
Postcode: 2570
Location: 65 km (40 mi) south-west of Sydney CBD
LGA: Camden Council
Region: Macarthur
State District: Camden
Federal Division: Hume
Localities around Camden:
Ellis Lane Cobbitty Kirkham
Grasmere Camden Elderslie
Cawdor Camden South Spring Farm
Camden Park house
House designed by John Verge at Camden Park – built between 1832–35 for John Macarthur

Camden is a historic town, south-west of Sydney, New South Wales, located 65 kilometres from the Sydney central business district. Camden is the administrative centre for the local government area of Camden Council and is a part of the Macarthur region.

History

Indigenous people

The area now known as Camden was originally at the northern edge of land belonging to the Gandangara people of the Southern Highlands who called it Benkennie meaning 'dry land'. North of the Nepean River were the Muringong, southernmost of the Darug people while to the east were the Tharawal people. They lived in extended family groups of 20–40 members, hunting kangaroos, possums and eels and gathering yams and other seasonal fruit and vegetables from the local area. They were described as 'short, stocky, strong and superbly built' and generally considered peaceful. However, as British settlers encroached on their land and reduced their food sources, they turned to armed resistance which ended in 1816 after many of their number were massacred.

European settlement

Explorers first visited the area in 1795 and named it 'Cowpastures' after a herd of cattle that had disappeared was discovered there. In February 1805, Governor King instructed (apparently reluctantly) a surveyor to measure 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) for John Macarthur at Cowpastures, where Macarthur had been promised land by the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, Lord Camden. Macarthur named his property Camden Park in honour of his sponsor.

As Macarthur's wool industry thrived, local citizens began pushing for the establishment of a town in the area to support the industry. Surveyor-General Major Thomas Mitchell suggested Macarthur surrender 320 acres (130 ha) of his land for the purpose to which he refused. Following his death in 1834, his children decided to subdivide the land and the first lots in the new town of Camden went on sale in 1840. Camden Post Office opened on 1 May 1841, the day after the nearby Elderslie office (open from 1839) closed. By 1883, the population had grown to over 300 and a movement began to establish a local council which held its first meeting in 1889.

Transport

Between 1882 and 1962 Camden was connected to Campbelltown and Sydney by the Camden railway line. Camden is served by Camden Airport, which is mostly used by trainee pilots for flying schools, the Australian Air League, and other forms of general aviation.

Climate

Camden has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa).

Climate data for Camden Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.4
(115.5)
43.2
(109.8)
41.0
(105.8)
38.5
(101.3)
27.5
(81.5)
24.9
(76.8)
25.4
(77.7)
30.2
(86.4)
36.0
(96.8)
40.5
(104.9)
42.6
(108.7)
43.1
(109.6)
46.4
(115.5)
Average high °C (°F) 29.5
(85.1)
28.5
(83.3)
26.8
(80.2)
23.8
(74.8)
20.6
(69.1)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
19.1
(66.4)
22.0
(71.6)
24.3
(75.7)
26.2
(79.2)
28.4
(83.1)
23.7
(74.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
20.7
(69.3)
17.4
(63.3)
13.7
(56.7)
11.1
(52)
10.1
(50.2)
11.5
(52.7)
14.3
(57.7)
17.0
(62.6)
19.6
(67.3)
21.8
(71.2)
16.93
(62.47)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
16.8
(62.2)
14.8
(58.6)
11.1
(52)
7.0
(44.6)
4.5
(40.1)
2.9
(37.2)
3.9
(39)
6.8
(44.2)
9.9
(49.8)
13.0
(55.4)
15.2
(59.4)
10.2
(50.4)
Record low °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
7.2
(45)
5.9
(42.6)
-0.7
(30.7)
-2.2
(28)
-5.4
(22.3)
-6.0
(21.2)
-4.0
(24.8)
-1.8
(28.8)
1.3
(34.3)
3.8
(38.8)
5.7
(42.3)
-6.0
(21.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 81.9
(3.224)
97.0
(3.819)
86.9
(3.421)
69.2
(2.724)
54.6
(2.15)
60.6
(2.386)
36.8
(1.449)
41.7
(1.642)
38.8
(1.528)
62.1
(2.445)
77.8
(3.063)
57.0
(2.244)
788.8
(31.055)
Humidity 49 52 52 52 52 53 50 43 44 47 50 46 49
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 10.4 10.9 10.3 9.6 8.6 8.8 8.1 7.7 8.0 9.7 10.5 9.1 111.7

Culture

The Camden Show is an annual event which combines amusement park attractions with the elements of a state fair. Camden is served by three local radio stations, 2MCR, Vintage FM and C91.3FM. Local newspapers are the Camden Advertiser, the District Reporter and the Macarthur Chronicle.

People

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, there were 3,244 residents in Camden. In Camden, 80.7% of people were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were England 5.4%, Scotland 1.1%, New Zealand 0.9%, Ireland 0.6% and Germany 0.5%. 90.6% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Italian 0.7%, Spanish 0.4% and Indonesian 0.3%. The most common responses for religion in Camden were Catholic 31.5%, Anglican 30.9% and No Religion 13.8%.

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