Campbellsville, Kentucky facts for kids

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Campbellsville, Kentucky
City
Downtown Campbellsville
Downtown Campbellsville
Official seal of Campbellsville, Kentucky
Seal
Location of Campbellsville, Kentucky
Location of Campbellsville, Kentucky
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Taylor
Area
 • Total 6.1 sq mi (15.7 km2)
 • Land 6.0 sq mi (15.4 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 814 ft (248 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 10,759
 • Density 1,820.1/sq mi (679.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 42718-42719
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code 21-12160
GNIS feature ID 0488742
Website www.campbellsville.us

Campbellsville is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Taylor County, Kentucky, United States. The population within city limits was 10,604 at the 2010 U.S. census. It is the site of Campbellsville University, a private institution. On the border is Green River Lake, established for flood control and now the center of a popular park.

Campbellsville is twinned with Buncrana in County Donegal, Republic of Ireland.

History

The city was founded in 1817 and laid out by Andrew Campbell, who had moved there from Augusta County, Virginia. Campbell owned a gristmill and a tavern and began selling lots in Campbellsville in 1814. Campbellsville was designated by the state legislature as the county seat in 1848 after Taylor County was separated from Green County. The city agreed to sell the public square to the county for one dollar so that a courthouse could be built here.

The first courthouse was burned by Confederate cavalry in 1864 because the Union Army was using it for barracks. After the war, a replacement courthouse was built on the same site. A third courthouse in a modern design was built in 1965 on a property adjoining the "old courthouse". A portion of the old courthouse still stands near the current (3rd) courthouse.

DowntownCampbellsvilleJusticCenter IMG 0960
New Justice Center October 2009

Construction began in 2008 on a new Justice Center because of the demand for a more modern courthouse. in addition, the city built an "official" county jail to avoid the cost of transporting and housing prisoners in neighboring Lebanon in Marion County.

Historic sites

Campbellsville has several historic sites as listed under Taylor County in the National Register of Historic Places listings in Kentucky. The Campbellsville Historic Commercial District includes several blocks of Main Street. The most notable structure in this district is Merchant Tower (formally Merchants Hotel) which has Romanesque architecture. It has been listed individually on the National Register of Historical Places since 1980.

Just north of Campbellsville is the Spurlington Tunnel, once used by local railroads, but which is no longer in service. It is about 1,900 feet long. Approximately one-third of the way in, a shaft leads to the top, where it once vented smoke from steam locomotives.

Downtown

Downtown Campbellsville includes a Main Street and a designated historic district. The 100 and 200 blocks of Main Street are lined with century-old brick, stone, and iron buildings with Italianate architecture facades. Since 2008, Campbellsville has been redevelopig its downtown area with the help of a Main Street Manager, highlighting its historic design, improving pedestrian amenities and marketing this district. Campbellsville is known regionally for its Fourth Of July celebration.

Geography

Campbellsville is located at (37.345951, -85.345444).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2), of which 6.0 square miles (16 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.65%) is water.

US 68, KY 55, KY 210, and KY 70 pass through Campbellsville.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 446
1870 512 14.8%
1880 775 51.4%
1890 1,018 31.4%
1900 1,341 31.7%
1910 1,206 −10.1%
1920 1,535 27.3%
1930 1,923 25.3%
1940 2,488 29.4%
1950 3,477 39.8%
1960 6,966 100.3%
1970 7,598 9.1%
1980 8,715 14.7%
1990 9,577 9.9%
2000 10,498 9.6%
2010 9,108 −13.2%
Est. 2015 11,237 23.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 9.018 people, 3,764 households, and 2,160 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,760.9 people per square mile (680.1/km²). There were 4,114 housing units at an average density of 817.9 per square mile (315.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.11% White, 8.74% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.

There were 4,114 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 14.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,922, and the median income for a family was $30,643. Males had a median income of $26,672 versus $19,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,996. About 18.7% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.6% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Campbellsville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

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