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Caney, Kansas
Location within Montgomery County and Kansas
Location within Montgomery County and Kansas
KDOT map of Montgomery County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Montgomery
Founded 1869
Incorporated 1887
Named for Caney River
 • Total 1.35 sq mi (3.50 km2)
 • Land 1.35 sq mi (3.50 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
778 ft (237 m)
 • Total 2,203
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,455.62/sq mi (561.84/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-10375
GNIS ID 469249

Caney is a city in Montgomery County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,203.


Caney was founded in 1869. It was named from the Caney River. The first post office in Caney was established in May 1870.

In 1887, the railroad was built through Caney, and in that same year, the town was incorporated.

Caney has long been associated with the petroleum industry in Kansas. In 1906, a major gas well fire took place in this area. In 1909, Caney became the site of the original Kanotex Refining Company. Currently, CVR Energy's pipeline system can transport up to 145,000 barrels/day of crude oil from Caney to that company's refinery in Coffeyville, Kansas.

Caney Kansas: "A March attempt to cover the huge burning gas well six miles from here with a great iron hood upon which a week of preparation had been spent was made last night and failed. The hood with its attached pipes and weights weighing more than 35 tons was thrust aside, bent and broken by the mighty rush of gas and flames. The cap was placed partly over the stream of fire only after strenuous efforts and at great hardship to the men, the intensity from the heat slowing the effort; the gas spouted from the well with renewed force expelling rocks and shooting a flame over 150 feet into the air. Several thousand spectators drawn by the unusual spectacle came to Caney from all directions, the railways running in excursion trains. The well has now been burning for 15 days and millions of feet of gas have been burned."

—Van Wert Daily Bulletin, Van Wert, Ohio, March 12, 1906


Caney is located at 37°0′49″N 95°56′1″W / 37.01361°N 95.93361°W / 37.01361; -95.93361 (37.013537, -95.933739). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.35 square miles (3.50 km2), all of it land.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Caney has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 542
1900 887 63.7%
1910 3,597 305.5%
1920 3,427 −4.7%
1930 2,794 −18.5%
1940 2,629 −5.9%
1950 2,876 9.4%
1960 2,682 −6.7%
1970 2,192 −18.3%
1980 2,284 4.2%
1990 2,062 −9.7%
2000 2,092 1.5%
2010 2,203 5.3%
2019 (est.) 1,968 −10.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,203 people, 866 households, and 574 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,631.9 inhabitants per square mile (630.1/km2). There were 1,020 housing units at an average density of 755.6 per square mile (291.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.2% White, 0.7% African American, 5.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 6.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.1% of the population.

There were 866 households, of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.7% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the city was 35.9 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.5% were from 25 to 44; 24.3% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

Area events

Mayfest is a yearly gathering to celebrate School Alumni and the town's festivities.


The community is served by Caney Valley USD 436 public school district.

Notable people

  • Clancy Hayes, jazz musician
  • Kenneth McFarland, educator and superintendent of schools for Topeka at the time of Brown v. Board of Education
  • Glenn Shafer, statistician, co-developer of the Dempster-Shafer Theory
  • Rosalie Wahl, former associate justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Caney (Kansas) para niños

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