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Coffeyville, Kansas
City
Sign at the entrance to the city (2006)
Sign at the entrance to the city (2006)
Location within Montgomery County and Kansas
Location within Montgomery County and Kansas
KDOT map of Montgomery County (legend)
KDOT map of Montgomery County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Montgomery
Founded 1869
Incorporated March 1873
Area
 • Total 7.43 sq mi (19.24 km2)
 • Land 7.43 sq mi (19.24 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 738 ft (225 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,295
 • Estimate (2015) 9,669
 • Density 1,385.6/sq mi (535.08/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67337
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-14600
GNIS feature ID 0469230
Website coffeyville.com

Coffeyville is a city in southeastern Montgomery County, Kansas, United States, located along the Verdigris River in the state's southeastern region. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 10,295. It is the most populous city of Montgomery County and with its southeast Kansas location is located in the Tulsa, Oklahoma media market. The town of South Coffeyville, Oklahoma is located approximately 1 mile south of the city, existing as a separate political entity immediately south of the state line.

History

Coffeyville KS
Coffeyville trollies, ca. 1900

This settlement was founded in 1869 as an Indian trading post by Col. James A. Coffey, serving the population across the border in what was then the Indian Territory. The town was stimulated in 1871 by being made a stop on the Leavenworth, Lawrence & Galveston Railroad, which connected it to other markets and developments. With the arrival of the railroad, a young surveyor, Napoleon B. Blanton, was dispatched to lay out the town. The naming of the town was left to the toss of a coin between Col. Coffey and U.S. Army Captain Blanton. Coffey won the toss and the town was officially named Coffeyville.

The city was first incorporated in 1872, but the charter was voided as illegal, and the city was re-incorporated in March 1873.

As a frontier settlement, Coffeyville had its share of violence. On October 5, 1892, four of the Dalton Gang were killed in a shootout during an attempted bank robbery; Emmett Dalton survived with 23 gunshot wounds and convicted at trial for his crimes. He served 14 years before being pardoned. The gang had been trying to rob the First National and Condon banks, located across the street from each other. Residents recognized them under their disguises of fake beards and attacked the gang members as they fled one of the banks. Four citizens, including a U.S. marshal, Marshal Charles T. Connelly, died defending the town. The town holds an annual celebration each October to commemorate the Dalton Raid and the citizens who were lost.

Santa Fe 1079 at Coffeyville
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Locomotive 1079 on static display, 2002

After the discovery of its resources of plentiful natural gas and abundant clay, Coffeyville enjoyed rapid growth from 1890 to 1910, as its population expanded sixfold. From the turn of the 20th century to the 1930s, it was one of the largest glass and brick manufacturing centers in the nation. During this same period, the development of oil production attracted the founding of several oil field equipment manufacturers, and more workers and residents.

Coffeyville industrialist Douglas Brown founded Coffeyville Multiscope, which produced components of the Norden bombsight. This played a determining role in the perfection of precision daylight bombing during World War II as a result of the bombsight's advanced accuracy and drift correction capability.

In 1930 residents in Coffeyville organized a Church of Latter Day Saints (LDS) Sunday School; it was one of only 11 places in Kansas to have such a facility then.

2007 flood

On July 1, 2007, Coffeyville suffered a major flood when the Verdigris River crested at 10 feet above flood stage and flooded approximately a third of the city. The flood topped the local refinery (Coffeyville Resources LLC) levees by 4 feet, allowing oil to pollute the water. Approximately 1700 barrels (71,000 gallons) of crude oil mingled with the already contaminated flood waters. The EPA worked to prevent the oil and flood water mix from continuing downriver, where it could damage the water in Oologah Lake near Oologah, Oklahoma. Many residential water supplies are drawn from that lake. A minimal amount of oil reached Oolagah Lake, and it did not pose a threat to the water supplies of other cities along the Verdigris River or from the lake. A number of animals were found dead or injured in flood areas, covered with oil.

By July 2, areas east of Patterson Street were off limits, and a curfew was enacted in other areas of the city. On July 3, the city lost its supply of potable water, but the water service was restored and the order to boil water rescinded on July 7. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Red Cross came to aid residents, and Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius and President George W. Bush declared the city a federal disaster area. Most displaced residents found shelter with family and friends, but many were sheltered in two area churches and a senior citizens' apartment complex. Some pets were rescued to a temporary animal shelter built for them at LeClere Park.

The flooded area on the city's east side was reopened on July 11 for residents and business owners to begin assessing damage and to retrieve salvageable items.

Verdigris River Coffeyville Kansas
The Verdigris River at Coffeyville, 2006

In order to focus on the post-flood recovery and clean-up, the city and state cancelled the 2007 Inter-State Fair & Rodeo. The ongoing flood recovery included a wholesale environmental remediation of the flood-affected eastern portion of the city, which continued through late 2008 to early 2009. Many of the flood-damaged homes were purchased by Coffeyville Resources LLC as a part of its effort to compensate the homeowners affected by the oil spill.

Geography

Coffeyville is located in the southeast corner of Kansas, about 75 miles (121 km) north of Tulsa, Oklahoma, and 60 miles (97 km) west of Joplin, Missouri. The city is situated about one-half mile north of the Oklahoma state line at 37°2′16″N 95°37′35″W / 37.03778°N 95.62639°W / 37.03778; -95.62639 (37.037708, -95.626438), along the west bank of the Verdigris River. The city is the location of the lowest point in the state of Kansas at 679 feet (207 m) above sea level. Coffeyville Municipal Airport is a few miles northeast of the city along US-169. Though Coffeyville is the largest city in Montgomery County, the county seat is Independence, 16 miles (26 km) northwest of the city.

Coffeyville, specifically a spot just north of Coffeyville Country Club, is the default center starting point of Google Maps, being the accidental center point of the default starting map being displayed, which shows the 48 contiguous United States. (Lawrence, Kansas also claims to be the Google center). Other locations that are considered to be the geographic center of the contiguous United States are also in Kansas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.43 square miles (19.24 km2), all land.

Climate

Climate data for Coffeyville, Kansas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23.3)
86
(30)
90
(32.2)
100
(37.8)
95
(35)
104
(40)
116
(46.7)
112
(44.4)
108
(42.2)
98
(36.7)
86
(30)
78
(25.6)
116
(46.7)
Average high °F (°C) 42
(5.6)
48
(8.9)
58
(14.4)
68
(20)
76
(24.4)
85
(29.4)
90
(32.2)
91
(32.8)
82
(27.8)
70
(21.1)
57
(13.9)
45
(7.2)
67.7
(19.81)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(-6.7)
25
(-3.9)
34
(1.1)
43
(6.1)
55
(12.8)
64
(17.8)
68
(20)
66
(18.9)
57
(13.9)
45
(7.2)
34
(1.1)
23
(-5)
44.5
(6.94)
Record low °F (°C) -20
(-28.9)
-16
(-26.7)
-6
(-21.1)
14
(-10)
28
(-2.2)
40
(4.4)
47
(8.3)
45
(7.2)
27
(-2.8)
15
(-9.4)
2
(-16.7)
-18
(-27.8)
-20
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.65
(41.9)
2.04
(51.8)
3.47
(88.1)
4.32
(109.7)
6.60
(167.6)
5.98
(151.9)
3.83
(97.3)
3.54
(89.9)
4.87
(123.7)
4.14
(105.2)
2.98
(75.7)
2.28
(57.9)
45.7
(1,160.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 7.7
(19.6)
6
(15)
3.8
(9.7)
1
(3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.6
(4.1)
6
(15)
26.2
(66.5)
Source: http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USKS0119

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 753
1890 2,282 203.1%
1900 4,953 117.0%
1910 12,687 156.1%
1920 13,452 6.0%
1930 16,198 20.4%
1940 17,355 7.1%
1950 17,113 −1.4%
1960 17,382 1.6%
1970 15,116 −13.0%
1980 15,185 0.5%
1990 12,917 −14.9%
2000 11,021 −14.7%
2010 10,295 −6.6%
Est. 2015 9,669 −6.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

Coffeyville has experienced a slow and steady population decline since around 1960, when its population peaked at more than 17,000. Changes in industry and oil production have caused a loss of jobs in the area, and residents have moved to find work. As of 2006 the population was estimated to be 10,387 in the year 2006, a decrease of 645, or -5.8%, over the previous six years.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 10,295 people, 4,226 households, and 2,456 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,385.6 inhabitants per square mile (535.0/km2). There were 5,021 housing units at an average density of 675.8 per square mile (260.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.3% White, 11.7% African American, 5.0% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.3% from other races, and 6.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.4% of the population.

There were 4,226 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 13.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 18.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census

As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 11,021 people, 4,691 households, and 2,847 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,562.1 people per square mile (602.7/km²). There were 5,550 housing units at an average density of 786.6 per square mile (303.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.76% White, 12.12% Black or African American, 4.97% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.63% from other races, and 4.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.82% of the population.

There were 4,691 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,542, and the median income for a family was $33,180. Males had a median income of $29,199 versus $17,940 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,182. About 10.9% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Bus service is provided northward towards Kansas City, Missouri and southward towards Tulsa, Oklahoma by Jefferson Lines (subcontractor of Greyhound Lines). Coffeyville and surrounding communities are also served by Connections Transportation which has its headquarters in nearby Independence, Kansas. Coffeyville has two railroads that serve the community, Union Pacific and a short line railroad SKO and WATCO. Coffeyville is served by two US highways, US 166 which runs east-west from where the highway enters from the east at the Verdigris River bridge on Northeast Street to Eleventh Street, and exits to the west at the Union Pacific Railroad viaduct on Eighth Street. US 169 which is a north-south highway, enters from the east at the Verdigris River bridge on Northeast Street to Eleventh Street, then turns left just past the SKO-WATCO railroad overpass onto Walnut Street and continues south on Walnut Street and exits the city and continues south towards Tulsa, Oklahoma.

In popular culture

  • Coffeyville is mentioned in the song "Doolin–Dalton" by The Eagles from their 1973 album, Desperado.
  • In the 2002 movie, Reign of Fire character Denton Van Zan (Matthew McConaughey) refers to Coffeyville when describing his moment of realizing how to kill dragons in the movie.
  • Coffeyville is a featured location in the 2009 video game Call of Juarez : Bound in Blood, and its successor Call of Juarez: Gunslinger.
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