Carbon tetrachloride facts for kids
|Other names||Tetrachloromethane, Benziform, Benzinoform, Carbon chloride, Carbon tet, Freon 10, Halon 104, Methane tetrachloride, Perchloromethane, Tetraform, Tetrasol|
|Molar mass||153.82 g mol-1|
|Density||1.5867 g cm−3 (liquid)
1.831 g cm−3 at −186 °C (solid)
-22.92 °C, 250 K, -9 °F
76.72 °C, 350 K, 170 °F
|Solubility in water||0.081 g/100 mL (25 °C)|
|Solubility||soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform, benzene, naphtha, CS2|
|Vapor pressure||11.94 kPa at 20 °C|
|kH||2.76x10-2 atm-cu m/mol|
|Refractive index (nD)||1.4601|
|EU classification||Carc. Cat. 3
Dangerous for the environment (N)
|R-phrases||, , , ,|
|S-phrases||, , , , ,|
|Flash point||Not flammable|
|Std enthalpy of
|Other cations||Silicon tetrachloride
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)|
It is a colorless liquid. It smells like ether. It evaporates quite quickly. It can dissolve fats and oils as well as other stuff such as iodine. It doesn't burn, but it does make phosgene when heated to a high temperature.
It is made by reacting methane with chlorine. This reaction is similar to the burning of methane (reaction of methane with oxygen). Hydrogen chloride is a byproduct (left over substance). It used to be made by reacting carbon disulfide with chlorine. This reaction would produce sulfur(I) chloride.
The uses of carbon tetrachloride have diminished lately because it is known to be damage people's health. People think it might damage the ozone layer. Today, it is rarely used for anything.
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Carbon tetrachloride Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.