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Central Square, Cambridge facts for kids

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Central Square Historic District
Central Square from above.jpg
Central Square, looking down Mass Ave toward Kendall Sq and the Harvard Bridge to Boston
Central Square, Cambridge is located in Massachusetts
Central Square, Cambridge
Location in Massachusetts
Central Square, Cambridge is located in the United States
Central Square, Cambridge
Location in the United States
Location Cambridge, Massachusetts
Built 1793
Architect Hartwell and Richardson; et al.
Architectural style Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals, Late Victorian, Federal
MPS Cambridge MRA
NRHP reference No. 90000128
Added to NRHP March 2, 1990

Central Square is an area in Cambridge, Massachusetts centered on the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Prospect Street and Western Avenue. Lafayette Square, formed by the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Columbia Street, Sidney Street and Main Street, is also considered a part of the Central Square area. Harvard Square is to the northwest along Massachusetts Avenue, Inman Square is to the north along Prospect Street and Kendall Square is to the east along Main Street. The section of Central Square along Massachusetts Avenue between Clinton Street and Main Street is designated the Central Square Historic District, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.


Central Square was designated an official Cultural District in the state of Massachusetts by the Mass Cultural Council in October 2012. Central Square is known for its wide variety of ethnic restaurants, churches, bars, and live music and theatre venues. It is gentrifying rapidly, and a number of upscale restaurants have opened in the Square. Many startups, including pharmaceutical, videogame and Internet companies, have moved research and office operations into the Square to take advantage of the proximity to MIT, Boston medical resources and relatively low costs. Some critics have claimed that the recent changes have diminished the Square's edge, as some of the older Square businesses such as Manray have closed. There is also a diverse array of houses of worship in the area, with Christ the King Presbyterian Church, First Baptist Church, Sts. Constantine & Helen Greek Orthodox Church, St. Paul's African Methodist Episcopal Church and other large historic congregations meeting near the Square.


Central Square's history has been marked by several waves of immigration. The original population of the Square included people of English and Canadian ancestry. Between 1850 and 1890, the Square attracted many Irish immigrants, and in the late Nineteenth Century also became home to many others from throughout Europe. Later waves of immigration included people from the West Indies, South America and Africa.

Central Square is also the original home of actor Ben Affleck and, from 1927 to 2003, the Necco factory. The old Necco factory building in Cambridge is now used for labs by Novartis.

Geography and transportation

Several Cambridge neighborhoods meet at Central Square. To the east, Area 4 lies on the north side of Massachusetts Avenue (aka "Mass Ave.") and Cambridgeport on the south side between Massachusetts Avenue and the Charles River. Both of these neighborhoods were once known as The Port or Old Port region of Cambridge. The area to the west and northwest of Central Square is known as Mid-Cambridge.

Central Square is accessible from Central station on the MBTA Red Line, as well as Buses 1, 64, 70, 83, and 91.

Necco factory water tower
The New England Confectionery Co. water tower, built 1927, was painted in 1996 to resemble a roll of Necco Wafers, but repainted to a new design in 2004 by Novartis.

The intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and Brookline in front of The Middle East in Central Square is named in honor of the late indie rock musician Mark Sandman, who often played there.

Central Square serves as the commercial center for the surrounding neighborhoods of Cambridgeport, Riverside, Mid Cambridge, Area 4 and MIT.

LOC 220043v
Central Square circa 1900

Notable businesses

  • Central Square Theater
  • The Middle East (nightclub)
  • Toscanini's

Notable Central Square businesses

  • Central Square Theater
  • GamerDNA
  • ImprovBoston
  • The Middle East (nightclub)
  • Toscanini's
  • T.T. the Bear's (1973-2015)

Fiction about Central Square

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