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Chin Peng
Chin Peng.jpg
Chin Peng in his later years
Secretary-General of Malayan Communist Party
In office
6 March 1947 – 2 December 1989
Preceded by Lai Teck
Succeeded by None (Party Dissolved)
Personal details
Born
Ong Boon Hua

(1924-10-21)21 October 1924
Sitiawan, Perak, British Malaya
Died 16 September 2013(2013-09-16) (aged 88)
Bangkok, Thailand
Nationality Malayan
Political party Malayan Communist Party
Spouse(s)
Lee Khoon Wah
(m. 1942; died 2008)
Children
  • Ong Boo Kok (son)
  • 1 daughter
Mother Kuan Kheng Bee
Father Ong Sing Piaw
Relatives Lee Chong (nephew)
Residence Bangkok, Thailand
Occupation Politician, guerilla leader
Signature

Chin Peng (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; Mandarin Pinyin: Chén Píng; Jyutping: Can4 Ping4), former OBE, (1924–2013) born Ong Boon Hua (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Wáng Wénhuá; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ông Bûn-hôa) was a Malayan communist politician, anti-fascist activist and long-time leader of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) and the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA).

During World War II he fought as an anti-fascist guerrilla fighter in the Malayan Peoples' Anti-Japanese Army against the Japanese occupation of Malaya. A determined anti-colonialist, he led the party's guerrilla insurgency in the Malayan Emergency (1948–1960), fighting against British and Commonwealth forces in an attempt to establish an independent socialist state. After the MCP's defeat and subsequent Malayan independence, Chin waged a second campaign (1968-1989) against the newly formed government of Malaysia in an attempt to replace its government with a socialist one from exile. This second insurgency came to an end with the Peace Agreement of Hat Yai 1989.

Chin Peng died at the age of 88, in Bangkok, Thailand where he was cremated according to Buddhist rites.

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