City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder facts for kids(Redirected from City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder)
Quick facts for kidsCity of Kalgoorlie–Boulder
The Kalgoorlie Town Hall
Location in Western Australia
|Population||30,059 (2016 census)|
|• Density||0.314507/km2 (0.81457/sq mi)|
|Area||95,575.1 km2 (36,901.8 sq mi)|
|Website||City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder|
The City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder is a local government area in the Goldfields–Esperance region of Western Australia, about 550 kilometres (342 mi) east of the state capital, Perth. Covering an area of 95,575 square kilometres (36,902 sq mi), the city is larger than the country of Portugal with a land area of 92,212 square kilometres (35,603 sq mi). Its seat of government is the town of Kalgoorlie; all but 244 of the city's population live in either Kalgoorlie or Boulder.
This region has a long history of continuous inhabitation and cultivation by Aboriginal Australians.
In the years immediately after discovery of gold in the region, a variety of local government entities sprang up around the often-temporary settlements on the Kalgoorlie goldfields. Only three persisted beyond the early 20th century:
- The Municipality of Kalgoorlie was formed in 1895 and renamed the Town of Kalgoorlie in 1961.
- The Municipality of Boulder was formed in 1897. It became the Town of Boulder in 1961.
- The East Coolgardie Roads Board was formed in 1895. It renamed the Kalgoorlie Roads Board in 1897 and was made a shire as the Shire of Kalgoorlie in 1961.
The Town of Boulder was merged into the Shire of Kalgoorlie in July 1969, with the combined shire then being renamed the Shire of Boulder in November 1969. The Town of Kalgoorlie and the Shire of Boulder then amalgamated to form the City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder in 1989.
Other early local government areas in the region include:
- Municipality of Broad Arrow (1897–1903)
- Broad Arrow Road District (1899–1922)
- Municipality of Broad Arrow-Paddington (1903–1910)
- Municipality of Bulong (1896–1909)
- Bulong Road District (1899–1911)
- Municipality of Kanowna (1896–1917)
- North East Coolgardie Road District (1896–1922)
- Municipality of Paddington (1901–1903)
Roads in Kalgoorlie-Boulder
- Boulder Road
- Anzac Drive
- Gatacre Drive
- Picadilly Street
- Hannan Street
- Graeme Street
- Maritana Street
- Federal Road
- Croesus St
Major Roads in the region
- Goldfields Highway
- Great Eastern Highway
Origins of the City
- 1 July 1961 – Boulder and Kalgoorlie municipalities became towns, and Kalgoorlie Roads Board became a shire, following changes to the Local Government Act
- 1 July 1969 – Town of Boulder was amalgamated into the Shire of Kalgoorlie, which was renamed Shire of Boulder.
- 1 February 1989 – The Shire of Boulder and Town of Kalgoorlie amalgamated to form the City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder.
The City is not divided into wards and the twelve councillors sit at large. The mayor is elected by popular vote.
As of 2021, 386 places are heritage-listed in the City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder, of which 61 are on the State Register of Heritage Places, among them the Kalgoorlie Railway Station , the York and Exchange Hotel and Boulder railway station.
City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.