Coahuila facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
State of Coahuila
Flag of State of Coahuila
Flag
Coat of arms of State of Coahuila
Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Location within Mexico
Coordinates:
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Capital Saltillo
Municipalities 38
Largest City Saltillo
Government
 • Governor Humberto Moreira Valdés (PRI)
 • Federal Deputies PAN: 5
PRI: 2
 • Federal Senators PAN: 2
PRI: 1
Area
Ranked 3rd
 • Total 149,982 km2 (57,908 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 2,495,200 (Ranked 17th)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.8284 - high
Ranked 3rd
ISO 3166-2 MX-COA
Postal abbr. Coah.
Website Coahuila State Government

Coahuila officially the Free and Sovereign State of Coahuila de Zaragoza is one of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

Coahuila borders the Mexican states of Nuevo León to the east, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí to the south, and Durango and Chihuahua to the west.

To the north, Coahuila accounts for a 512 kilometres (318 mi) stretch of the Mexico–United States border, adjacent to the U.S. state of Texas along the course of the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte).

With an area of 151,563 square kilometres (58,519 sq mi), it is the nation's third-largest state. It comprises 38 municipalities (municipios). In 2010, Coahuila's population is 2,748,391 inhabitants.

The five largest cities in Coahuila are the state capital city of Saltillo; the second largest is Torreón, third largest is Monclova (a former state capital), fourth largest is Ciudad Acuña, and fifth largest is Piedras Negras.

History

The name Coahuila derives from native terms for the region, and has been known by variations such as Cuagüila and Cuauila. Some historians believe that this means “flying serpent”, “place of many trees”, or “place where serpents creep”.

The official name of the state is Coahuila de Zaragoza, in honor of General Ignacio Zaragoza.

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