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State of San Luis Potosí
Flag of State of San Luis Potosí
Flag
Coat of arms of State of San Luis Potosí
Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Location within Mexico
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
Capital San Luis Potosí
Municipalities 58
Area
Ranked 15th
 • Total 63,068 km2 (24,351 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 2,410,414 (Ranked 16th)
 • Demonym Potosino
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.7694 - medium
Ranked 19th
ISO 3166-2 MX-SLP
Postal abbr. S.L.P.
Website San Luis Potosí state government

San Luis Potosí is a state in central Mexico. About 2,400,000 people live there. Its capital is also called San Luis Potosí.

Geography

The state lies mostly on the Mexican Plateau, with the exception of the eastern part of the state, where the tableland breaks down into the tropical valley of the Tampaon River (which continues flowing northwestward until it becomes the Pánuco River, which divides San Luis Potosí from the north-eastern state of Tamaulipas). The surface of the plateau is comparatively level, with some low mountainous wooded ridges. The Sierra Madre Oriental runs north and south through the state, and separates the Mexican Plateau from the Gulf Coastal Plain to the east. The Sierra Madre Oriental is home to the Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests. The easternmost portion of the state lies on the Gulf Coastal Plain, and covered by the Veracruz moist forests. The eastern part is included in the region commonly referred to as "La Huasteca".

The Tampaón river and its tributaries drain the southern and southeastern portion of the state. The northern and central portion of the state, including the capital, lie on an interior drainage basin which does not drain to the sea.

The mean elevation is about 6,000 ft ensuring a temperate climate for the most part. The state lies partly within the arid zone of the north, while the southern half receiving more rainfall through the influence of the Nortes, which deliver significant amounts of rain. The rainfall, however, is uncertain at the western and northern regions, and much of the state does not have major rivers. The soil is fertile and in favorable seasons large crops of wheat, maize, beans and cotton are grown on the uplands. In the low tropical valleys, sugar, coffee, tobacco, peppers and fruit are staple products. Livestock is an important industry and hides, tallow and wool are exported. Fine cabinet and construction woods are also made and exported to a limited extent.

Potosí (in Bolivia) was believed to have enough gold to build a bridge between Potosí and Spain. San Luis Potosí was compared to it upon the discovery of the mines and therefore named after it.

At one time San Luis Potosí ranked among the leading mining provinces of Mexico, but the revolts following independence resulted in a great decline in that industry. The area around Real de Catorce has some of the richest silver mines in the country. Other well-known silver mining districts are Peñón Blanco, Ramos and Guadalcázar. The development of Guadalcazar dates from 1620 and its ores yield gold, copper, zinc and bismuth, as well as silver. In the Ramos district, the Cocinera lode was said to have had a total yield of over $60,000,000 in the first decade of the 20th century.

Flora and fauna of San Luis Potosí
Eugenes fulgens 
Felis concolor 
Cardinalis sinuatus 
Agkistrodon taylori 
Vulpes macrotis 
Aquila chrysaetos 
Pecari tajacu 
Meleagris gallopavo 
Eleutherodactylus guttilatus 
Pinus nelsonii 
Pachyphytum oviferum 
Beaucarnea recurvata 
Echinocereus pentalophus 
Fagus mexicana 
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