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Coldwater, Mississippi
Coldwater MS 008.jpg
Nickname(s): 
C-Town
Location of Coldwater, Mississippi
Location of Coldwater, Mississippi
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Tate
Area
 • Total 2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Land 2.4 sq mi (6.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
249 ft (76 m)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total 1,674
 • Density 705.5/sq mi (272.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
38618
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-14900
GNIS feature ID 0668665

Coldwater is a small town in Tate County, Mississippi. It is in the Memphis Metropolitan Area. The population was 1,674 at the 2000 census.

History

The current town square of Coldwater is about two miles south of the Coldwater River, hence the name. The original town began in 1856, called the village of Elm Grove. Construction of the Mississippi and Tennessee Railroad through here in 1858 stimulated development. Rows of stores and other businesses developed on both sides of the tracks, along with houses of worship. Coldwater was officially incorporated in 1872. At that time, the Town was located in DeSoto County and was a mile square with the railroad depot at the center. The area was developed for cotton plantations and Coldwater was a trading center.

In 1873 during the Reconstruction era, the legislature organized Tate County from portions of DeSoto, Marshall, and Tunica counties. Coldwater fell into the new county. The Town began to grow with an influx of settlers from Virginia, the Carolinas, Alabama, and other areas seeking a better life for themselves and their families. There were 397 residents of Coldwater according to the 1890 census. By 1884, there were 96 small schools in Tate County: 54 white and 42 black. They were mostly one teacher, one-room log houses with split logs for seats.

Coldwater steadily grew in numbers. However, periodic river flooding plagued the town, although it was also the basis of the farmland's fertility. The US Corps of Engineers built the Arkabutla Lake and Dam project along the Coldwater River in the early 1940s. Town residents believed they needed to move and the Town was relocated and reconstructed on land about a mile and a half south of its original location.

The site of the old town of Coldwater is 229 feet (70 m) MSL. Parts of it are underwater year round.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), of which 2.4 square miles (6.1 km²) is land and 0.42% water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 397
1890 518 30.5%
1900 557 7.5%
1910 774 39.0%
1920 856 10.6%
1930 664 −22.4%
1940 690 3.9%
1950 949 37.5%
1960 1,264 33.2%
1970 1,450 14.7%
1980 1,505 3.8%
1990 1,502 −0.2%
2000 1,674 11.5%
2010 1,677 0.2%
Est. 2015 1,603 −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,674 people, 598 households, and 429 families residing in the town. The population density was 705.5 people per square mile (272.7/km²). There were 642 housing units at an average density of 270.6 per square mile (104.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 69.71% African American, 29.45% White, 0.06% Native American, 0.12% Asian, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.

There were 598 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 28.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the town, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 79.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,058, and the median income for a family was $31,364. Males had a median income of $28,472 versus $19,444 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,330. About 21.1% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 26.7% of those age 65 or over.

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