kids encyclopedia robot

Corning, Arkansas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Corning, Arkansas
Location in Clay County and the state of Arkansas
Location in Clay County and the state of Arkansas
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Clay
 • Type mayor-council government
 • Total 3.1428 sq mi (8.14 km2)
 • Land 3.119705 sq mi (8.08 km2)
 • Water 0.02702715 sq mi (0.07 km2)
289 ft (88 m)
 • Total 3,377
 • Density 1,082.5/sq mi (418.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-15460
GNIS feature ID 0076678

Corning is a city in Clay County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 3,377 at the 2010 census. It is one of the two county seats of Clay County, along with Piggott.


Corning is located in western Clay County at 36°24′36″N 90°35′22″W / 36.41000°N 90.58944°W / 36.41000; -90.58944 (36.410057, -90.589364), 2 miles (3 km) west of the Black River. U.S. Route 62 passes through the city, leading east 25 miles (40 km) to Piggott and southwest 26 miles (42 km) to Pocahontas. U.S. Route 67 leads north out of town 29 miles (47 km) to Poplar Bluff, Missouri, and joins US 62 heading southwest out of Corning to Pocahontas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Corning has a total area of 3.14 square miles (8.14 km2), of which 3.12 square miles (8.08 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.81%, is water.


Sheeks House
Historic Sheeks House

The original settlement was about one mile east and was called Hecht City, named for brothers Levi and Solomon Hecht who operated a lumber mill on the Black River. Hecht City moved to the present site of Corning in 1871, when the Cairo and Fulton Railroad surveyed the land for the proposed route. The railroad through the settlement was completed by 1872. On February 5, 1873, the name was changed from Hecht City to Corning, in honor of H. D. Corning, an engineer with the railroad.

The city of Corning went through a massive period of growth in the early part of the 20th century. In the 1960s and 1970s it was the site of many industrial manufacturing developments.

Corning was the site of a large explosion on Wednesday, March 9, 1966. The pre-dawn explosion originated in a munitions railcar and fortunately resulted in only one minor injury in the small town. The explosion was widely reported in the surrounding region.

Two properties in Corning are list on the National Register of Historic Places: Sheeks House, and Oliver House.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 393
1890 584 48.6%
1900 1,041 78.3%
1910 1,439 38.2%
1920 1,564 8.7%
1930 1,550 −0.9%
1940 1,619 4.5%
1950 2,045 26.3%
1960 2,192 7.2%
1970 2,705 23.4%
1980 3,650 34.9%
1990 3,323 −9.0%
2000 3,679 10.7%
2010 3,377 −8.2%
Est. 2015 3,162 −6.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2014 Estimate

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,679 people, 1,553 households, and 1,018 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,150.0 people per square mile (443.9/km²). There were 1,722 housing units at an average density of 538.2 per square mile (207.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.77% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 0.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,553 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,200, and the median income for a family was $29,485. Males had a median income of $22,095 versus $16,383 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,953. About 18.9% of families and 23.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 29.6% of those age 65 or over.


Industry in Corning is dominated by agriculture-related industries such as farm equipment sales, farm equipment repair, seed processing and sales, and fertilizer and chemicals. Forestry was a primary industry in the late 1800s, but gave way to farming of rice, soybeans, hard red winter wheat, and other grains.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Corning has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

kids search engine
Corning, Arkansas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.