Crenshaw County, Alabama facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Crenshaw County, Alabama
Map

Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 30, 1866
Seat Luverne
Largest City Luverne
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

611 sq mi (1,582 km²)
609 sq mi (1,577 km²)
2.1 sq mi (5 km²), 0.3%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

13,963
23/sq mi (9/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Anderson Crenshaw
 
  • County Number 24 on Alabama Licence Plates

Crenshaw County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. It is south from the Montgomery metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,906. Its county seat is Luverne. Its name is in honor of an Alabama judge, Anderson Crenshaw.

History

Crenshaw County was established on November 30, 1866, by the Reconstruction era legislature. It was formed from parts of Butler, Coffee, Covington, Pike and Lowndes counties. While part of the coastal area, this county had relatively infertile soils, limiting agriculture, but enslaved African Americans were still used as workers.

It became a center of timbering in the piney wood, especially after the Montgomery and Florida Railroad Company constructed a line through here in 1886. This provided transport to markets for timber. It connected with Sprague Junction in Montgomery County, Alabama.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 611 square miles (1,580 km2), of which 609 square miles (1,580 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.3%) is water. Much of the land is covered by forests that are used for logging.

Major highways

  • US 29.svg U.S. Highway 29
  • US 331.svg U.S. Highway 331
  • Alabama 10.svg State Route 10
  • Alabama 97.svg State Route 97
  • Alabama 106.svg State Route 106
  • Alabama 141.svg State Route 141
  • Alabama 189.svg State Route 189

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 11,156
1880 11,726 5.1%
1890 15,425 31.5%
1900 19,668 27.5%
1910 23,313 18.5%
1920 23,017 −1.3%
1930 23,656 2.8%
1940 23,631 −0.1%
1950 18,981 −19.7%
1960 14,909 −21.5%
1970 13,188 −11.5%
1980 14,110 7.0%
1990 13,635 −3.4%
2000 13,665 0.2%
2010 13,906 1.8%
Est. 2015 13,963 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,665 people, 5,577 households, and 3,892 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 6,644 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.82% White, 24.79% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,577 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 28.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,054, and the median income for a family was $31,724. Males had a median income of $27,286 versus $17,703 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,565. About 18.60% of families and 22.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.30% of those under age 18 and 23.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 13,906 people, 5,652 households, and 3,882 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 6,735 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 72.6% White, 23.4% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. 1.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,652 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,140, and the median income for a family was $47,685. Males had a median income of $35,598 versus $22,410 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,793. About 13.7% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Towns

Unincorporated communities


Crenshaw County, Alabama Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.