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Montgomery County, Alabama facts for kids

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Montgomery County, Alabama
Map
Map of Alabama highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded December 6, 1816
Seat Montgomery
Largest City Montgomery
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

800 sq mi (2,072 km²)
784 sq mi (2,031 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 2.0%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

226,519
289/sq mi (112/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.mc-ala.org
Named for: Lemuel P. Montgomery
 
  • County Number 03 on Alabama Licence Plates
  • One of three counties shuffled to the top 3 numbers because of population size.

Montgomery County is a county in the State of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, its population was 229,363, making it the fourth-most populous county in Alabama. Its county seat is Montgomery, the state capital.

Montgomery County is included in the Montgomery, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Montgomery County was established by dividing Monroe County on December 6, 1816, by the Mississippi Territorial Legislature. It is named for Lemuel P. Montgomery, a young U.S. Army officer killed at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, the final battle of the Creek Indian war, which was waged concurrently with the War of 1812.

The city of Montgomery, which is the county seat, is named for Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 800 square miles (2,100 km2), of which 784 square miles (2,030 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (2.0%) is water.

Major highways

  • I-65 (AL).svg Interstate 65
  • I-85 (AL).svg Interstate 85
  • I-685 (AL).svg Interstate 685 (future)
  • US 31.svg U.S. Highway 31
  • US 80.svg U.S. Highway 80
  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 231.svg U.S. Highway 231
  • US 331.svg U.S. Highway 331
  • Alabama 21.svg State Route 21
  • Alabama 94.svg State Route 94
  • Alabama 110.svg State Route 110
  • Alabama 126.svg State Route 126
  • Alabama 152.svg State Route 152
  • Alabama 271.svg State Route 271
  • Alabama 293.svg State Route 293

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 6,604
1830 12,695 92.2%
1840 24,574 93.6%
1850 29,711 20.9%
1860 35,904 20.8%
1870 43,704 21.7%
1880 52,356 19.8%
1890 56,172 7.3%
1900 72,047 28.3%
1910 82,178 14.1%
1920 80,853 −1.6%
1930 98,671 22.0%
1940 114,420 16.0%
1950 138,965 21.5%
1960 169,210 21.8%
1970 167,790 −0.8%
1980 197,038 17.4%
1990 209,085 6.1%
2000 223,510 6.9%
2010 229,363 2.6%
Est. 2015 226,519 −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported the following county population:

  • 39.5% White
  • 54.7% Black
  • 0.3% Native American
  • 1.2% Asian
  • 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  • 1.3% Two or more races
  • 3.6% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 223,510 persons, 86,068 households, and 56,804 families in the county. The population density was 283 persons per square mile (109/km2). There were 95,437 housing units, at an average density of 121 per square mile (47/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 48.85% White, 48.58% Black or African American, 0.99% Asian, 0.25% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos, of any race, made up 1.19% of the population.

By 2005, 52.5% of the population was black, 44.0% was non-Hispanic white, 1.4% was Hispanic, 1.2% was Asian, 0.2% was Native American, and 0.9% of the population reported two or more races. This excludes those who reported "some other race" and "white", because the Census Bureau reclassified all who reported "some other race" as white.

There were 86,068 households, 32.20% of which included children under the age of 18, 43.80% were married couples living together, 18.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% were non-families. Single-persons households were 29.50% of the total; 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46. The average family size was 3.06.

Persons younger than 18 were 25.80% of the population; those 18–24, 11.70%; 25–44, 29.80%; 45–64, 20.90%; and 65 and older, 11.80%. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.80 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,962, and the median income for a family was $44,669. Males had a median income of $32,018; females, $24,921. The per capita income for the county was $19,358. About 13.50% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.10% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those 65 and older.

Cultural sites

Montgomery County is home to many cultural and historic sites including:

  • Alabama Shakespeare Festival
  • Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts
  • Montgomery Zoo
  • Dexter Avenue Baptist Church
  • Museum of Alabama (Alabama Department of Archives and History)
  • Alabama State Capitol
  • Gayle Planetarium
  • Civil Rights Memorial
  • First White House of the Confederacy
  • Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald Museum
  • Old Montgomery Greyhound Bus Station (Freedom Rides Museum)
  • Rosa Parks Library and Museum

Communities

City

Town

Unincorporated communities

Images for kids

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