Autauga County, Alabama facts for kids

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Autauga County, Alabama
Map

Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the USA highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 21, 1818
Seat Prattville
Largest City Prattville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

604.45 sq mi (1,566 km²)
595.97 sq mi (1,544 km²)
8.48 sq mi (22 km²), 1.40%
PopulationEst.
 - (2016)
 - Density

55,416
91.5/sq mi (35/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.autaugaco.org
 
  • County Number 04 on Alabama Licence Plates

Autauga County is a county in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 54,571. Its county seat is Prattville.

Autauga County is part of the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Autauga County was established on November 21, 1818, by an act of the Alabama Territorial Legislature (one year before Alabama was admitted as a State). As established, the county included present-day Autauga County, as well as Elmore County and Chilton County. At the time, Autauga (aka, Tawasa) Indians lived here, primarily in a village named Atagi (meaning "pure water") situated on the banks of a creek by the same name (called "Pearl Water Creek" by settlers). Autaugas were members of the Alibamu tribe. They sent many warriors to resist Andrew Jackson's invasion in the Creek War. This county was part of the territory ceded by the Creeks in the Treaty of Fort Jackson in 1814. The first county seat was at Jackson's Mill, but the court only met there long enough to select a permanent seat at Washington, built on the former site of Atagi in the southeast corner of the county. In 1830, the county seat was moved to a more central location at Kingston and the town of Washington dwindled until it was completely deserted in the late 1830s.

Daniel Pratt arrived in Autauga County in 1833 and founded the new town of Prattville, north of Atagi on the fall line of Autauga Creek. His cotton gin factory quickly became the largest manufacturer of gins in the world and the first major industry in Alabama. It was at his factory, and with his financial backing, that the Prattville Dragoons, a fighting unit for the Confederacy was organized in anticipation of the Civil War. Other units formed in Autauga County included the Autauga Rifles (Autaugaville), The John Steele Guards (western Autauga Co.) and the Varina Rifles (northern Autauga Co.). None of the fighting of the Civil War reached Autauga County, and Pratt was able to secure payment of debts from Northern accounts soon after the war, lessening the disabling effects of the Reconstruction period in the county.

Charles Atwood, a former slave belonging to Daniel Pratt, bought a house in the center of Prattville immediately after emancipation and was one of the founding investors in Pratt's South and North Railroad. The presence of such a prominent African-American family owning land in an Alabama city as early as the 1860s is exceptional.

In 1866 and 1868, Elmore and Chilton counties were split off from Autauga County, and the county seat was moved to the population center of Prattville, where a new courthouse was completed by local builder George L. Smith in 1870. In 1906, a new and larger courthouse was erected in a modified Richardsonian Romanesque style a block north of the older one. The building was designed by Bruce Architectural Co. of Birmingham and built by Dobson & Bynum of Montgomery.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 604 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 594 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 10 square miles (26 km2) (1.4%) is water.

Climate

The county has a prevailing humid subtropical climate dominated by its location in the Southern Plains ecological sub-region of the United States.

Major highways

  • I-65 (AL).svg Interstate 65
  • US 31.svg U.S. Highway 31
  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • Alabama 14.svg State Route 14
  • Alabama 111.svg State Route 111
  • Alabama 143.svg State Route 143

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 3,853
1830 11,874 208.2%
1840 14,342 20.8%
1850 15,023 4.7%
1860 16,739 11.4%
1870 11,623 −30.6%
1880 13,108 12.8%
1890 13,330 1.7%
1900 17,915 34.4%
1910 20,038 11.9%
1920 18,908 −5.6%
1930 19,694 4.2%
1940 20,977 6.5%
1950 18,186 −13.3%
1960 18,739 3.0%
1970 24,460 30.5%
1980 32,259 31.9%
1990 34,222 6.1%
2000 43,671 27.6%
2010 54,571 25.0%
Est. 2016 55,416 26.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

As of the census of 2010, there were 54,571 people, 20,221 households, and 15,064 families residing in the county. The population density was 91 people per square mile (35/km2). There were 22,135 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 78.5% White, 17.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 1.6% from two or more races. 2.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,221 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68, and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,682, and the median income for a family was $66,349. Males had a median income of $49,743 versus $32,592 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,571. About 8.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Evangelical Protestants (with 18,893 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 3,657 adherents). The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 14,727 members) and The United Methodist Church (with 3,305 members).

Places of interest

Autauga County is home to several parks, such as Wilderness Park, Cooters Pond Park, Pratt Park, Swift Creek Park, Newton Park, Spinners Park, Heritage Park, and Overlook Memorial Park.

Communities

Cities

Name Area (sq. mi.) Population Population density (per sq. mi.)
Millbrook (partly in Elmore County) 13.1 15,112 1,142.9
Prattville (county seat; partly in Elmore County) 33.8 35,229 1,033.6

Towns

Name Area (sq. mi.) Population Population density (per sq. mi.)
Autaugaville 7.8 870 114.2
Billingsley 1.3 144 110

Census-designated places

Name Area (sq. mi.) Population Population density (per sq. mi.)
Marbury 23.23 1,418 61
Pine Level 24.858 4,183 170

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

In popular culture


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