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Cumberland, Maine
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Coordinates: 43°46′52″N 70°13′3″W / 43.78111°N 70.21750°W / 43.78111; -70.21750Coordinates: 43°46′52″N 70°13′3″W / 43.78111°N 70.21750°W / 43.78111; -70.21750
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Villages Cumberland Center
Cumberland Foreside
West Cumberland
Area
 • Total 26.25 sq mi (67.99 km2)
 • Land 22.88 sq mi (59.26 km2)
 • Water 3.37 sq mi (8.73 km2)
Elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 ([2020 census])
 • Total 8,473
 • Estimate 
(2012)
7,317
 • Density 315.2/sq mi (121.7/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04021
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-15430
GNIS feature ID 0582427
Website www.cumberlandmaine.com

Cumberland is a town in Cumberland County, Maine. The population was 7,211 at the time of the 2010 census. It is part of the Portland metropolitan area, Maine. Cumberland is one of the wealthiest municipalities in the state.

History

Morrison Hill station at Seashore Trolley Museum, May 2010
The former Morrrison Hill station of the Portland-Lewiston Interurban, which served Cumberland from 1915 to 1933. The station is now located at Seashore Trolley Museum.

Cumberland, Maine (also known as Cumberland Center), was once part of North Yarmouth, but in 1821, it was incorporated as its own town. The town was officially named by Ephraim Sturdivant when the new town government elected him to do the task.

The Cumberland Fair, one of the state's larger agricultural fairs, has been held yearly in Cumberland at the end of September since 1868. This Portland suburb has a rich farming history, but only a small number of working farms remain, such as Sweetser's Apple Barrel & Orchards, Spring Brook Farms, and Double T Orchards. Chebeague Island, long a part of Cumberland, formed its own town in 2007.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.25 square miles (67.99 km2), of which 22.88 square miles (59.26 km2) of it is land and 3.37 square miles (8.73 km2) is water. The town stretches inland from West Cumberland bordering Windham, to Cumberland Foreside on Casco Bay.

Near the center of the town, there is a small recreational park called Twin Brook. Run and maintained by the town, it is open to cross-country skiers, walkers, and sports practices. Local ballfields at Drowne Road School host the local Little League teams.

Cumberland has a few small businesses, some of which are on Route 26, also called the Gray Road. Across Main Street from the high school, there is a convenience store called Food Stop. New construction has brought two eateries to the town, Cumberland Food Company and Louie's Grille, family owned and run. There are also two dentists' offices and a post office. A new bank was built in 2010. The Cumberland Congregational Church is located in the center of the town.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,558
1840 1,616 3.7%
1850 1,656 2.5%
1860 1,713 3.4%
1870 1,626 −5.1%
1880 1,619 −0.4%
1890 1,487 −8.2%
1900 1,404 −5.6%
1910 1,403 −0.1%
1920 1,150 −18.0%
1930 1,378 19.8%
1940 1,491 8.2%
1950 2,030 36.2%
1960 2,765 36.2%
1970 4,096 48.1%
1980 5,284 29.0%
1990 5,836 10.4%
2000 7,159 22.7%
2010 7,211 0.7%
2014 (est.) 7,550 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: Cumberland Center, Maine

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,211 people, 2,697 households, and 2,079 families living in the town. The population density was 315.2 inhabitants per square mile (121.7/km2). There were 2,902 housing units at an average density of 126.8 per square mile (49.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.2% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 2,697 households, of which 37.9% had men under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 22.9% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the town was 45 years. 26.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.2% were from 25 to 44; 35.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.

Education

The school system that serves Cumberland is known as Maine School Administrative District 51 or MSAD 51. There are 3 schools in the district – which also serves North Yarmouth, Maine: the Mabel I. Wilson School, Greely Middle School, and Greely High School. In June 2014, the district closed the North Yarmouth Memorial School and moved into the expanded the Greely Middle School. The Drowne Road School was closed in 2010 due to budget cuts, and the Greely Middle School replaced the Greely Junior High School in 2005. Jeff Porter is the superintendent of the district. The Friends School of Portland, serves grades PK-8.

Notable people

  • Matt Apuzzo, 2012 Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist
  • Peter Askim, composer of modern classical music, conductor, music educator
  • Joseph Brackett, American songwriter and elder of the Shakers; author of "Simple Gifts"
  • Robert G. Dillenback, state legislator
  • Toni Fiore, celebrity chef
  • William J. Garsoe, state legislator and Maine House Minority Leader
  • Hoddy Hildreth, state legislator and conservationist
  • Stephen Moriarty, state legislator and attorney
  • D. P. B. Pride, politician and attorney in Idaho
  • Captain Ephraim Sturdivant, namer of and treasurer for Cumberland
  • Karl Turner, state legislator
  • Oliver Wahlstrom, Professional hockey player, raised in Cumberland
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