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Dax
La Fontaine Chaude
La Fontaine Chaude
Coat of arms of Dax
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Landes
Arrondissement Dax
Canton Dax-1 and 2
Intercommunality Grand Dax
Area
1
19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
20,683
 • Density 1,049.90/km2 (2,719.2/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
40088 /40100
Elevation 2–46 m (6.6–150.9 ft)
(avg. 9 m or 30 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Dax (Dacs in Gascon) is a commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in south-western France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Dax and of 2 cantons in the department: Dax-1 and Dax-2.

It is well-known spa town, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar medical problems.

History

Dax was first established by the Romans, and its name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. when Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, got the Aquitaine. Dax remained under the English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by the French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War.

Geography

Dax is, in straight line, at about 30 km (19 mi) from the beaches of southern Landes, 45 km (28 mi) from Bayonne, 150 km (93 mi) from Bordeaux, 50 km (31 mi) from Mont-de-Marsan and 80 km (50 mi) from Pau.

The commune has an area of 19.7 km2 (7.6 sq mi), and its average altitude is 24 m (79 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 13 m (43 ft).

Dax and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Dax

The city of Dax is mainly on the left side of the Adour river.

Climate

The climate of Dax is Marine West Coast Climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb), with mild winters and warm summers.

Population

The inhabitants of Dax are known, in French, as Dacquois (women: Dacquoises).

With a population of 20,485, Dax has a population density of 1,040 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Dax

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Dax forms, with 12 other communes, the urban area of Dax with a population of 49,853 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 208.3 km2 (80.4 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Dax, formed by 31 communes, with a population of 64,937 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 520.4 km2 (200.9 sq mi).

Administration

Dax is a subprefecture of the Landes department since 1800. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Dax and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of two cantons:

  1. Dax-1, formed with a part of Dax and ten other communes, with 24,887 inhabitants (2014).
  2. Dax-2, formed with a part of Dax and nine other communes, with 29,536 inhabitants (2014).

Twin towns

Dax is twinned with:

Sites of interest

  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain")

People from or related to Dax

  • Vincent de Paul (1581-1660), theologian born in a village near Dax.
  • Jean-Charles de Borda (1733-1799), mathematician.
  • Roger Ducos (1747-1818), politician.
  • Paul Darbos (1990), Internet celebrity.

Gallery

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