Dax, Landes facts for kids

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Dax Fontaine chaude2.jpg
Fontaine chaude
Coat of arms of Dax
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Landes
Arrondissement Dax
Canton Chief town of 2 cantons
Intercommunality Grand Dax
Mayor Gabriel Bellocq
Elevation 2–46 m (6.6–150.9 ft)
(avg. 24 m or 79 ft*)
Land area1 19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi)
Population2 20,776  (2013)
 - Density 1,055/km2 (2,730/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 40088/ 40100
Website www.dax.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

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Dax (Dacs in Gascon) is a commune in Aquitaine in south-western France, sub-prefecture of the Landes department. It is also the capital of 2 cantons in the department: Dax-1 and Dax-2.

It is well-known spa town, specialising in mud treatment for rheumatism and similar medical problems.


It was first established by the Romans, and its name was Civitas Aquensium. In the Middle Ages, it was administered by viscounts until 1177. when Henry II Plantagenet, later King of England, got the Aquitaine. Dax remained under the English rule until 1451, when it was conquered by the French troops before the end of the Hundred Years' War.


Dax is, in straight line, at about 30 km (19 mi) from the beaches of southern Landes, 45 km (28 mi) from Bayonne, 150 km (93 mi) from Bordeaux, 50 km (31 mi) from Mont-de-Marsan and 80 km (50 mi) from Pau.

The commune has an area of 19.70 km2 (7.61 sq mi) and its average altitude is 24 m (79 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 13 m (43 ft).

Dax and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Dax

The city of Dax is mainly on the left side of the Adour river.


With a population of 20,776, Dax has a population density of 1,055 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Dax are known, in French, as Dacquois (women: Dacquoises).


Dax is a sous-préfecture in the Landes department since 1800. It is also the capital of two cantons:

  1. Dax-1, formed with a part of Dax and 10 communes
  2. Dax-2, formed with a part of Dax and 9 communes.

Sites of interest

  • Cathedral of Notre-Dame Ste-Marie
  • Church of Saint-Vincent-de-Xaintes
  • Fontaine Chaude ("Hot Fountain")

People from or related to Dax

  • Vincent de Paul (1581-1660), theologian born in a village near Dax.
  • Jean-Charles de Borda (1733-1799), mathematician.
  • Roger Ducos (1747-1818), politician.


Twin towns

Dax is twinned with:

Related pages

Dax, Landes Facts for Kids. Homework Help - Kiddle Encyclopedia.