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Des Arc, Arkansas
Prairie County Courthouse (Northern district)
Lower White River State Park
Courthouse
White River, city park, bridge, and grain bins
Clockwise from top: Prairie County Courthouse, Northern District, Downtown Des Arc, the White River, city park and bridge, and the Lower White River State Park
Location of Des Arc in Prairie County, Arkansas.
Location of Des Arc in Prairie County, Arkansas.
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
County Prairie
Incorporated 1854
Named for "At the bend" in French
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area
 • Total 2.11 sq mi (5.46 km2)
 • Land 2.10 sq mi (5.45 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
200 ft (61 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,905
 • Density 906.28/sq mi (349.83/km2)
Time zone UTC−06:00 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−05:00 (CDT)
ZIP Code
72040
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-18550
GNIS feature ID 0076785

Des Arc dez-ark is a city on the White River in the Arkansas Delta, United States. It is the largest city in Prairie County, Arkansas, and the county seat for the county's northern district. Incorporated in 1854, Des Arc's position on the river has shaped its culture, history, and economy, beginning as a major lumber shipping port but leaving the city vulnerable to major floods in 1927 and 1937. As river shipping declined, Des Arc was bypassed by railroads, Interstate highways, and much of the post-industrial society. Des Arc's history is preserved by seven listings on the National Register of Historic Places, and the region's history is interpreted at Lower White River Museum State Park. The city's population stopped growing in the 1980s and has been declining since, with a population of 1,717 at the 2010 Census.

Geography

Des Arc is located at 34°58′32″N 91°30′2″W / 34.97556°N 91.50056°W / 34.97556; -91.50056 (34.975426, -91.500671).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), of which 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) is land and 0.49% is water.

Prairie County has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa). Prairie County experiences all four seasons, although summers can be extremely hot and humid and winters are mild with little snow. July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 92 °F (33.3 °C) and an average low of 73 °F (22.8 °C). Temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) are not uncommon. January is the coldest month with an average high of 48 °F (8.9 °C) and an average low of 31 °F (−0.6 °C). The highest temperature was 109 °F (42.8 °C), and the lowest temperature recorded was −5 °F (−21 °C). Record snowfall in Des Arc occurred January 7, 1912, with 18 inches (46 cm).

Climate data for Des Arc
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(26.7)
82
(27.8)
88
(31.1)
93
(33.9)
98
(36.7)
105
(40.6)
109
(42.8)
109
(42.8)
104
(40)
98
(36.7)
87
(30.6)
79
(26.1)
109
(42.8)
Average high °F (°C) 48
(8.9)
53
(11.7)
63
(17.2)
72
(22.2)
81
(27.2)
88
(31.1)
92
(33.3)
91
(32.8)
84
(28.9)
74
(23.3)
62
(16.7)
51
(10.6)
71.6
(21.99)
Average low °F (°C) 31
(-0.6)
35
(1.7)
43
(6.1)
52
(11.1)
61
(16.1)
69
(20.6)
73
(22.8)
71
(21.7)
63
(17.2)
51
(10.6)
43
(6.1)
34
(1.1)
52.2
(11.2)
Record low °F (°C) −5
(-20.6)
−4
(-20)
15
(-9.4)
28
(-2.2)
37
(2.8)
55
(12.8)
48
(8.9)
34
(1.1)
23
(-5)
13
(-10.6)
−2
(-18.9)
−5
(-20.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.5
(89)
4.1
(104)
4.8
(122)
5.2
(132)
5.1
(130)
3.2
(81)
3.1
(79)
2.4
(61)
3.9
(99)
4.5
(114)
5.0
(127)
5.2
(132)
50
(1,270)
Snowfall inches (cm) 1.0
(2.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(2.5)
Source #1: The Weather Channel
Source #2: Weather Database

Points of interest

Des Arc has seven properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including Bethel House, at Erwin and 2nd Streets, designed by architect Charles L. Thompson.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 548
1890 546 −0.4%
1900 640 17.2%
1910 1,061 65.8%
1920 1,307 23.2%
1930 1,348 3.1%
1940 1,410 4.6%
1950 1,612 14.3%
1960 1,482 −8.1%
1970 1,714 15.7%
1980 2,001 16.7%
1990 2,001 0.0%
2000 1,933 −3.4%
2010 1,717 −11.2%
2020 1,905 10.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
2014 Estimate

2020 Census

Des Arc racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 1,547 81.21%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 261 13.7%
Native American 3 0.16%
Asian 3 0.16%
Other/Mixed 66 3.46%
Hispanic or Latino 25 1.31%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,905 people, 715 households, and 446 families residing in the city.

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