kids encyclopedia robot

Diogo Freitas do Amaral facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Diogo de Freitas do Amaral
Freitas do Amaral, XV Cimeira Ibero-Americana - Salamanca, Espanha.jpg
Freitas do Amaral in 2005
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
12 March 2005 – 3 July 2006
Prime Minister José Sócrates
Preceded by António Monteiro
Succeeded by Luís Amado
In office
10 January 1980 – 12 January 1981
Prime Minister Francisco de Sá Carneiro
Preceded by João Cardoso
Succeeded by André Gonçalves Pereira
President of the Democratic Social Centre
In office
31 January 1988 – 22 March 1992
Vice President Basílio Horta
João Morais Leitão
José Luís Nogueira de Brito
Luís Beiroco
Preceded by Adriano Moreira
Succeeded by Manuel Monteiro
In office
26 January 1975 – 20 February 1983
Vice President Adelino Amaro da Costa
Basílio Horta
Francisco Lucas Pires
Vítor de Sá Machado
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Francisco Lucas Pires
Deputy Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
4 September 1981 – 9 June 1983
Prime Minister Francisco Pinto Balsemão
Preceded by Office vacant
Succeeded by Carlos Mota Pinto
In office
3 January 1980 – 9 January 1981
Prime Minister Francisco de Sá Carneiro
Preceded by Manuel Jacinto Nunes
Succeeded by Office vacant
Minister of National Defence
In office
4 September 1981 – 9 June 1983
Prime Minister Francisco Pinto Balsemão
Preceded by Luís de Azevedo Coutinho
Succeeded by Carlos Mota Pinto
Acting Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
4 December 1980 – 9 January 1981
President António Ramalho Eanes
Deputy Francisco Pinto Balsemão
Preceded by Francisco de Sá Carneiro
Succeeded by Francisco Pinto Balsemão
Personal details
Born (1941-07-21)21 July 1941
Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal
Died 3 October 2019(2019-10-03) (aged 78)
Cascais, Portugal
Political party Independent
Other political
Democratic Social Centre – People's Party
Spouse Maria José Salgado Sarmento de Matos
Children 4

Diogo Pinto de Freitas do Amaral (Portuguese pronunciation: [diˈoɣu ˈfɾɐjtɐʒ ðu ɐmɐˈɾal]; 21 July 1941 – 3 October 2019), known as Freitas do Amaral, was a Portuguese politician and law professor. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 10 January 1980 to 12 January 1981 and from 12 March 2005 to 3 July 2006. He also served briefly as Prime Minister in an interim capacity in the early 1980s.


He was born in Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, the third but first surviving son of Duarte de Freitas do Amaral and wife Maria Filomena de Campos Trocado, and the older brother of João de Freitas do Amaral.


He was a Licentiate and a Doctorate in Law specialised in Administrative Law and Political Science from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon, and a Cathedratic Professor in the Faculty of Law at the New University of Lisbon and also a publicist.

He served as a professor in the Faculty of Law of the Lusófona University of Lisbon, where he taught and governed as the chair of the Economics of Public Law in Law degree, developing other teaching activities in the same college.

In 1974, some months after the Carnation Revolution, he was one of the Founders and President of then Democratic and Social Centre (CDS), a Christian democratic party. He led this party till 1985, and again from 1988 to 1991. He served as a Deputy to the Assembly of the Republic (the Portuguese parliament) from 1975 to 1982 or 1983, and again in 1992 and 1993.

He was also a Member of the Portuguese Council of State (1974–1982).

In the parliamentary elections of 1979 and 1980, the Democratic Alliance (of which the CDS was a part) won a majority and formed the government, in which Freitas served as Deputy Prime Minister or Vice-Prime-Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1980 and Deputy Prime Minister or Vice-Prime-Minister and Minister of Defence between 1981 and 1983. After the death of Francisco Sá Carneiro, Freitas do Amaral was interim Prime Minister for a short period between 1980 and 1981. Between 1981 and 1982 he was also the President of the European People's Party.

He was a candidate in 1985 for the presidency in the 1986 presidential election. Supported by his own People's Party and by the Social Democratic Party, he established a commanding lead in the first round, but lost the second round by some 150,000 votes to Mário Soares, who was endorsed by the two eliminated candidates.

He was President of the United Nations General Assembly (1995–1996).

A European federalist, he left the party he founded, disagreeing mainly with the Eurosceptic line followed by Manuel Monteiro and Paulo Portas.

Always seen as a right-winger, Freitas do Amaral supported the Social Democratic Party in the parliamentary election of 2002. However, disappointed with the government performance, and critical of its support for the U.S. invasion of Iraq, Freitas do Amaral surprised many observers by announcing his support for the Socialist Party in the 2005 election. He was subsequently nominated for Minister of State and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the XVII Constitutional Government, led by the Socialist leader José Sócrates. He resigned after a little over one year in office, citing health reasons and, as revealed to a newspaper, tiredness resulting from the many diplomatic trips taken.

He was also a Juridical Consultant of many companies.

He authored a biography of King Afonso I and a play about Viriatus.

He also published a study of the actuality and reform of the prison system in Portugal.


Personal life

He married in Sintra, Santa Maria, on 31 July 1965 Maria José Salgado Sarmento de Matos, born in Lisbon on 13 October 1943, writer under the pseudonym Maria Roma, daughter of José Sarmento Osório de Vasconcelos de Matos (Moimenta da Beira, 28 July 1909 – Sintra, 17 July 1992). They had four children.

In September 2019, Freitas do Amaral was hospitalized in critical condition at a Cascais hospital. On 3 October 2019, it was announced that Freitas do Amaral had died.

Electoral results

1986 Portuguese presidential election

ed {{{2}}}
Candidates Supporting parties First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Mário Soares Socialist Party 1,443,683 25.43 3,010,756 51.18
Diogo Freitas do Amaral Democratic Social Centre, Social Democratic Party 2,629,597 46.31 2,872,064 48.82
Francisco Salgado Zenha Portuguese Communist Party, Democratic Renovator Party 1,185,867 20.88  
Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo Independent 418,961 7.38
Ângelo Veloso Portuguese Communist Party left the race
Total valid 5,677,525 100.00 5,882,820 100.00
Blank ballots 46,334 0.81 33,844 0.57
Invalid ballots 18,292 0.32 20,436 0.34
Total (turnout 75.38% and 77.99%) 5,742,151 5,937,100
He left the race in favor of Salgado Zenha.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições


  • D. Afonso Henriques biografia. Lisboa: Bertrand, 2009
  • Camarate: um caso ainda em aberto : apelo de um cidadão. Lisboa: Bertrand, 2010. ISBN: 9789722522434

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Diogo Freitas do Amaral para niños

kids search engine
Diogo Freitas do Amaral Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.