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Dumas, Texas
City
City of Dumas
Location of Dumas, Texas
Location of Dumas, Texas
Moore County Dumas.svg
Country  USA
State  Texas
County Moore
Area
 • Total 5.52 sq mi (14.29 km2)
 • Land 5.52 sq mi (14.29 km2)
 • Water 0.019 sq mi (0.049 km2)
Elevation 3,661 ft (1,116 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,691
 • Density 2,660/sq mi (1,028/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC–6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC–5)
ZIP code 79029
Area code(s) 806
FIPS code 48-21556
GNIS feature ID 1356433
Website City Website

Dumas (/ˈdjməs/ DEW-mus) is a city in Moore County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,691 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Moore County. Located approximately fifty miles north of Amarillo, the city is named for its founder, Louis Dumas (1856–1923). Dumas Avenue, the main thoroughfare, is also United States Highways 287 and 87.

Window on the Plains Museum, which offers exhibits on Moore County and the Texas Panhandle, is located on South Dumas Avenue, the main thoroughfare. Dumas is home to Moore County Airport, a general aviation airport 2 miles west of the central business district.

The Dumas government claims, with some documentation, that the song "I'm a Ding Dong Daddy From Dumas" was written about the city. Composed in the late 1920s by Phil Baxter (a native Texan who lived for a time in Dumas) and Carl Moore, the song has also sometimes been claimed by Dumas in Desha County in southeastern Arkansas.

Geography

Dumas is located at 35°51′45″N 101°58′1″W / 35.8625°N 101.96694°W / 35.8625; -101.96694 (35.862478, -101.966931). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.52 square miles (14.3 km2), of which, 5.5 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.019 square miles (0.049 km2) of it (0.34%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 2,117
1950 6,127 189.4%
1960 8,477 38.4%
1970 9,771 15.3%
1980 12,194 24.8%
1990 12,871 5.6%
2000 13,747 6.8%
2010 14,691 6.9%
Est. 2015 15,001 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,691 people (an increase of 6.9% from the 2000 Census), 4,979 households, and 3,725 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,660 people per square mile (1,028/km²). There were 5,340 housing units at an average density of 1047 per square mile (650.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.9% White, 2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 15.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.5% of the population.

There were 4,979 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 15 to 19, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 101 males. Of the population over the age of 18, for every 100 females there were 98 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,298, and the median income for a family was $52,536. Males had a median income of $37,589 versus $25,498 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,614. About 8.3% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Gallery

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Dumas has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.

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