Egyptian Army facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsEgyptian Army
Egyptian Army insignia
|Size||310,000 active<ref name=IISS2014>|
The Egyptian Army is the largest service branch in the Egyptian Armed Forces. The modern army was started by Muhammad Ali Pasha (ruled 1805–1849), the founder of modern Egypt.
The most significant engagements by this army in the 20th century were in Egypt's five wars with the State of Israel (in 1948, 1956, 1967, 1967–1970, and 1973). In one of those wars, the Suez Crisis of 1956, the army also struggled against the forces of Britain, and France.
The Egyptian army also engaged in the North Yemen civil war, and the brief Libyan-Egyptian War in July 1977. Its last major engagement was Operation Desert Storm, the liberation of Kuwait from Iraqi occupation in 1991, in this operation, the Egyptian army was the second-largest of the allied forces.
In 2014, the army had about 310,000 soldiers, approximately 90,000–120,000 of them are professionals, while the rest are conscripts.
Ranks and insignia
|Commissioned Officer rank insignia of the Egyptian Army|
|Lieutenant||First Lieutenant||Captain||Major||Lieutenant Colonel||Colonel||Brigadier||Major General||Lieutenant General||Colonel General||Field Marshal|
|Arabic: ملازم||Arabic: ملازم أول||Arabic: نقيب||Arabic: رائد||Arabic: مقدم||Arabic: عقيد||Arabic: عميد||Arabic: لواء||Arabic: فريق||Arabic: فريق أول||Arabic: مشير|
|Warrant Officer rank insignia||Non-commissioned Officer rank insignia||Enlisted rank insignia|
|First Warrant Officer||Warrant Officer||First Sergeant||Sergeant||Corporal||Private|
|Arabic: مساعد أول||Arabic: مساعد||Arabic: رقيب أول||Arabic: رقيب||Arabic: عريف||Arabic: جندى|
Images for kids
Members of the Free Officers gathered after the revolution. From left to right: Zakaria Mohieddin, Abdel Latif Boghdadi, Kamel el-Din Hussein, Gamal Abdel Nasser (seated), Abdel Hakim Amer, Muhammad Naguib, Youssef Seddik and Ahmed Shawki