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Elephant Butte (Arches National Park) facts for kids

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Elephant Butte
Elephant Butte in Arches National Park.jpg
North aspect, from Panorama Point
Highest point
Elevation 5,653 ft (1,723 m)
Prominence 823 ft (251 m)
Isolation 6.05 mi (9.74 km)
Parent peak Dry Mesa (5,780 ft)
Geography
Location Arches National Park
Grand County, Utah, U.S.
Parent range Colorado Plateau
Topo map USGS The Windows Section
Type of rock Entrada Sandstone
Climbing
First ascent 1953
Easiest route class 5.3 climbing

Elephant Butte is a 5,653-ft summit in Grand County, Utah. It is located within Arches National Park, and is the highest point in the park. Like many of the rock formations in the park, Elephant Butte is composed of Entrada Sandstone. Elephant Butte is a flat-topped cap surrounded by numerous towers and fins including Parade of Elephants. Double Arch is also a natural feature of Elephant Butte and was used as a backdrop for the opening scene of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Precipitation runoff from Elephant Butte drains east into the nearby Colorado River. The first ascent was made September 8, 1953, by Alex Cresswell and Fred Ayres.

Geology

Elephant Butte lies above an underground salt bed, causing the formation of the arches, spires, balanced rocks, sandstone fins, and eroded monoliths in the area. The rock is Entrada Sandstone.

Climate

Spring and fall are the most favorable seasons to experience Arches National Park, when highs average 60 to 80 °F and lows average 30 to 50 °F. Summer temperatures often exceed 100 °F. Winters are cold, with highs averaging 30 to 50 °F, and lows averaging 0 to 20 °F. As part of a high desert region, it can experience wide daily temperature fluctuations. The park receives an average of less than 10 inches (25 cm) of rain annually.

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