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Enfield, Maine
Enfield, Maine is located in Maine
Enfield, Maine
Enfield, Maine
Location in Maine
Country United States
State Maine
County Penobscot
 • Total 33.00 sq mi (85.47 km2)
 • Land 27.74 sq mi (71.85 km2)
 • Water 5.26 sq mi (13.62 km2)
230 ft (70 m)
 • Total 1,435
 • Density 52/sq mi (20.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-23620
GNIS feature ID 0582467

Enfield is a town in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,435 at the 2020 census. There is also a large seasonal population with many cottages located on Cold Stream Pond, a lake within the town.


Enfield was first settled on the east bank of the Penobscot River about 1820, and was originally called Cold Stream. It was incorporated on January 31, 1835.

In 1891, four armed men boarded and attempted to rob a train as it passed through Enfield, shooting at the engineer, fireman, and conductors. They also shot up the train station. They failed in their attempt to break into the mail-car, but it was a dark night and they escaped capture.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.00 square miles (85.47 km2), of which, 27.74 square miles (71.85 km2) of it is land and 5.26 square miles (13.62 km2) is water.

Cold Stream Pond

Cold Stream Pond
Location Penobscot County, Maine
Coordinates 45°16′N 68°33′W / 45.267°N 68.550°W / 45.267; -68.550
Basin countries United States
Max. length 5.5 mi (8.9 km)
Max. width 2.5 mi (4.0 km)
Surface area 3,619 acres (1,465 ha)
Max. depth 104 feet (32 m)
Water volume 145,697 acre⋅ft (179,715,000 m3)
Surface elevation 190 ft (58 m)

Cold Stream Pond covers the eastern side of the town of Enfield. There is a public boat launching facility on Old Hatchery Road off Maine State Route 188. A ridge creates a narrow portion of the pond separating a smaller northern basin from the larger southern basin. Summer oxygen concentrations often become unfavorably low in the northern basin. The most significant tributary is Smelt Brook draining Upper Cold Stream Pond and Little Round Pond into the northern basin from Lincoln. The southwest corner of the pond overflows through Cold Stream 5 miles (8.0 km) south to reach the Passadumkeag River 2 miles (3.2 km) upstream of the Penobscot River. Cobb State Fish Hatchery is located beside the outlet using water from the pond to raise fish for stocking elsewhere. A self-sustaining native population of lake trout spawn in Webb Cove in the southeast corner of the pond. The lake trout forage on a population of rainbow smelt spawning in Smelt Brook. Atlantic salmon were introduced to the pond in 1876.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 346
1850 396 14.5%
1860 526 32.8%
1870 545 3.6%
1880 489 −10.3%
1890 769 57.3%
1900 1,062 38.1%
1910 970 −8.7%
1920 1,041 7.3%
1930 1,138 9.3%
1940 979 −14.0%
1950 1,196 22.2%
1960 1,098 −8.2%
1970 1,148 4.6%
1980 1,397 21.7%
1990 1,476 5.7%
2000 1,616 9.5%
2010 1,607 −0.6%
2020 1,435 −10.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,607 people, 650 households, and 461 families living in the town. The population density was 57.9 inhabitants per square mile (22.4/km2). There were 937 housing units at an average density of 33.8 per square mile (13.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.6% White, 0.1% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 650 households, of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.1% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the town was 44.3 years. 20.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 32.4% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

Local schools

See MSAD 31

Notable people

  • Merle Fogg (1898–1928), stunt-pilot, namesake of the Merle Fogg Airport in Florida
  • Matthew Mulligan, tight end for the Patriots
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