Ephrem the Syrian facts for kids
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Ephrem the Syriac
Mosaic in Nea Moni of Chios (11th century)
|Harp of the Spirit, Deacon, Confessor and Doctor of the Church; Venerable Father
Hymn Writer, Teacher of the Faith
Nisibis (modern-day Turkey)
|Died||9 June 373
Edessa (modern-day Turkey)
|Venerated in||Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
Church of the East
Oriental Orthodox Churches
|Feast||28 January (Byzantine Christianity)
7th Saturday before Easter (Syriac Orthodox Church)
|Attributes||Vine and scroll, deacon's vestments and thurible; with Saint Basil the Great; composing hymns with a lyre|
|Patronage||Spiritual directors and spiritual leaders|
Ephrem the Syriac (Classical Syriac: ܡܪܝ ܐܦܪܝܡ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ, romanized: Mār ʾAp̄rêm Sūryāyācode: syc is deprecated Koinē Greek: Ἐφραίμ ὁ Σῦρος, romanized: Efrém o Sýroscode: grc is deprecated ; Latin: Ephraem Syrus; c. 306 – 373), also known as Saint Ephrem, Ephrem of Edessa or Aprem of Nisibis, was a prominent Christian theologian and writer, who is revered as one of the most notable hymnographers of Eastern Christianity. He was born in Nisibis, served as a deacon and later lived in Edessa.
Ephrem is venerated as a saint by all traditional Churches. He is especially revered in Syriac Christianity, both in East Syriac tradition and West Syriac tradition, and also counted as a Venerable Father (i.e., a sainted Monk) in the Eastern Orthodox Church. His feast day is celebrated on 28 January and on the Saturday of the Venerable Fathers. He was declared a Doctor of the Church in the Roman Catholic Church in 1920.
Ephrem wrote a wide variety of hymns, poems, and sermons in verse, as well as prose exegesis. These were works of practical theology for the edification of the Church in troubled times. So popular were his works, that, for centuries after his death, Christian authors wrote hundreds of pseudepigraphal works in his name. He has been called the most significant of all of the fathers of the Syriac-speaking church tradition.
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