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Fine, New York
SUNY-ESF Ranger School at Wanakena
SUNY-ESF Ranger School at Wanakena
Map highlighting Fine's location within St. Lawrence County.
Map highlighting Fine's location within St. Lawrence County.
Fine, New York is located in New York Adirondack Park
Fine, New York
Fine, New York
Location in New York Adirondack Park
Country United States
State New York
County St. Lawrence
 • Total 169.42 sq mi (438.79 km2)
 • Land 166.65 sq mi (431.61 km2)
 • Water 2.77 sq mi (7.18 km2)
1,549 ft (472 m)
 • Total 1,512
 • Estimate 
 • Density 8.83/sq mi (3.41/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code 36-25791
GNIS feature ID 0978957

Fine is a town in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States. The population was 1,512 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Judge John Fine, a businessman involved in settling the town.

The Town of Fine is in the southern part of the county, south of Canton.

The SUNY-ESF Ranger School is in the eastern part of the town.

The Griffin Memorial Forest is located in Fine.


The first settlement was begun by Elias Teall, who made a contract on October 24, 1823, with the proprietors of the east half of Scriba, and undertook to secure settlers on the tract. He built a mill on the east branch of the Oswegatchie and made some small improvements; but his undertaking failed. September 6, 1828, James C. Haile made a contract with the proprietors, and built a sawmill and a small grist mill on the Oswegatchie; he induced other settlers to come. In May 1833, he also left the town, his settlers having abandoned him. In February 1834, Arnasa I. Brown contracted with the owners for the Haile improvements and an additional tract of land, and in March of that year moved his family in; his nearest neighbors were ten miles away. A few others joined him, and by 1843 there were 43 or 44 voters.

The little hamlet of Fine is on the east branch of the Oswegatchie River about five miles southeast of South Edwards. It has been locally known as "Smithville" from William P. Smith, who was an early resident there.

The town was organized in 1849 from parts of the Towns of Pierrepont and Russell.

The Fine Town Hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 169.4 square miles (439 km2), of which, 167.1 square miles (433 km2) of it is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it (1.36%) is water.

The town is within the Adirondack Park.

The south town line is the border of Lewis County and Herkimer County.

New York State Route 3, an east-west highway, crosses the town. New York State Route 58 intersects NY-3 near Fine village.

The east branch of the Oswegatchie River flows in a north and westerly direction from Cranberry Lake, through Fine.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 293
1860 519 77.1%
1870 603 16.2%
1880 893 48.1%
1890 1,207 35.2%
1900 1,694 40.3%
1910 2,234 31.9%
1920 1,459 −34.7%
1930 1,053 −27.8%
1940 1,208 14.7%
1950 1,875 55.2%
1960 2,391 27.5%
1970 2,302 −3.7%
1980 2,243 −2.6%
1990 1,813 −19.2%
2000 1,622 −10.5%
2010 1,512 −6.8%
2016 (est.) 1,471 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,622 people, 667 households, and 452 families residing in the town. The population density was 9.7 people per square mile (3.7/km2). There were 1,137 housing units at an average density of 6.8 per square mile (2.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.29% White, 0.68% African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.

There were 667 households, out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,112, and the median income for a family was $38,618. Males had a median income of $38,043 versus $20,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,744. About 13.7% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Western Adirondack Presbyterian Church, Wanakena, NY
Western Adirondack Presbyterian Church in Wanakena

Communities and locations in Fine

  • Aldrich – A hamlet south of Coffin Mills.
  • Briggs – A hamlet near the west town line, west of Coffin Mills.
  • Coffin Mills – A hamlet southwest of Oswegatchie village.
  • Fine – The hamlet of Fine is in the northern part of the town by the east branch of the Oswegatchie River. It was originally known as "Smithville","Andersonville" and Sarahsburg from an early resident.
  • Inlet – A location west of Wanakena.
  • Jayville – A hamlet at the west town line, west of Briggs.
  • Lower Oswegatchie – A hamlet on NY-3, located in east part of the town and north of Oswegatchie village.
  • Oswegatchie – A hamlet on NY-3, located in eastern part of the town. This settlement grew to importance as a railroad community.
  • Star Lake – A lake in the east part of the town.
  • Star Lake – A hamlet located on the east town line and east of Star Lake on NY-3. Most of the community is in the Town of Clifton. Star Lake is also the location for the Clifton-Fine Central School District.
  • Wanakena – A hamlet located on County Road 61 on an arm of Cranberry Lake in the southeastern part of the town. It is the location of the SUNY-ESF Ranger School.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Fine (Nueva York) para niños

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