Forbes, New South Wales facts for kids

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Forbes
New South Wales
ForbesCourtHouse.jpg
Court house built in 1880
Population: 7,560
Established: 1861
Postcode: 2871
Location:
LGA: Forbes Shire Council
County: Ashburnham
State District: Orange
Federal Division: Calare
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
23.8 °C
75 °F
10.0 °C
50 °F
526.3 mm
20.7 in
ForbesLandsOffice
Lands Office at Forbes built 1898; an all timber building in the Federation style
Forbes Public School
Forbes Public School
Forbes De Havilland Vampire
de Havilland Vampire monument next to Lake Forbes

Forbes is a town in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia, located on the Newell Highway between Parkes and West Wyalong. At the 2011 census, Forbes had a population of 7,560. Forbes is probably named after Sir Francis Forbes, first Chief Justice of NSW.

Located on the banks of the Lachlan River, Forbes is 245 metres (804 ft) above sea-level and about 380 kilometres (240 mi) west of Sydney. The district is a cropping area where wheat and similar crops are grown. Nearby towns and villages include Calarie, Parkes, Bedgerebong, Bundabarrah, Corradgery, Daroobalgie, Eugowra, Ooma North and Paytens Bridge. Forbes is subject to a pattern of flooding, generally occurring to a significant level once every seven years, including 2016.

History

The area was home to the Wiradjuri people before non-indigenous settlement. John Oxley passed through in 1817 during one of the first inland expeditions. Oxley named the site Camp Hill. He was unimpressed with the clay soil, poor timber and swamps and he concluded, it is impossible to imagine a worse country. The first settlers moved into the district in 1834.

Gold was discovered by Harry Stephens, also known as "German Perry", in June 1861. Initially about 30,000 people moved to the goldfields, but by 1863 this had declined to about 3,500 because of the difficult mining conditions.

The goldfields were originally named "Black Ridge", and the name "Forbes" celebrating Sir Francis Forbes was declared from Sydney as the result of a possible government administrative error, it is said that the name was meant for the town now known as "Hill End" between Orange and Mudgee, New South Wales where gold was discovered around a similar time. Gold was initially found in the area known as Halpin's Flat. The Albion Hotel, once a Cobb and Co. stage coach stop, had tunnels situated underneath which were used during the gold rush to convey gold and money to and from the banks to minimise the chance of theft. The Albion Hotel burnt down on 10 February 2009, losing years worth of history and memorabilia.

One of Australia's most renowned bushrangers, Ben Hall, was shot dead in gun battle about 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the north-west of town on 5 May 1865. Hall and his gang were famous for stealing 77 kilograms (170 lb) of gold and £3,700 from the nearby town of Eugowra in 1862. He is buried in the Forbes Cemetery.

Kate Kelly, the sister of bushranger Ned Kelly, lived in the town. She drowned in Lake Forbes while saving an Aboriginal child during a flood in 1898 and was found in a lagoon of the Lachlan River, just outside Forbes. She is buried in Forbes Cemetery.

Transport

The Stockinbingal–Parkes railway line passes through Forbes. Passenger trains operated to Forbes until 1983. Forbes lies at or near the confluence of the Newell Highway, the Lachlan Valley Way and Henry Lawson Way.

Climate

Forbes lies in the transitional zones of the semi-arid climate (BSh) and humid subtropical climates (Cfa), with relatively large temperature variation between seasons and mild rainfall spread evenly throughout the year. Extreme temperatures have ranged from 47.8 °C (118.0 °F) to −5.6 °C (21.9 °F).


Climate data for Forbes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 47.8
(118)
44.7
(112.5)
42.2
(108)
36.7
(98.1)
30.8
(87.4)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
29.4
(84.9)
34.6
(94.3)
39.4
(102.9)
42.9
(109.2)
45.6
(114.1)
47.8
(118)
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.1
(84.4)
24.0
(75.2)
19.0
(66.2)
15.1
(59.2)
14.2
(57.6)
16.3
(61.3)
19.8
(67.6)
24.2
(75.6)
28.2
(82.8)
31.2
(88.2)
23.8
(74.8)
Average low °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.1
(62.8)
14.2
(57.6)
9.8
(49.6)
6.1
(43)
4.1
(39.4)
2.7
(36.9)
3.9
(39)
6.2
(43.2)
9.5
(49.1)
12.8
(55)
15.6
(60.1)
10.0
(50)
Record low °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
6.1
(43)
2.8
(37)
-2.0
(28.4)
-3.3
(26.1)
-5.6
(21.9)
-5.6
(21.9)
-4.5
(23.9)
-4.4
(24.1)
-1.1
(30)
1.1
(34)
2.8
(37)
-5.6
(21.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 49.9
(1.965)
43.8
(1.724)
42.7
(1.681)
40.3
(1.587)
44.5
(1.752)
43.4
(1.709)
42.4
(1.669)
42.6
(1.677)
42.3
(1.665)
48.9
(1.925)
40.3
(1.587)
45.2
(1.78)
526.3
(20.72)
Humidity 35 38 41 46 55 64 63 57 48 43 36 35 47
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.3 6.8 8.5 8.9 8.5 7.4 7.2 5.6 5.5 78.5
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Floods

Since 1887 Forbes has experienced a major flood event on average every seven years, with major flooding occurring in June 1952 with a peak of 10.8 metres (35 ft); September 2016 with a peak of 10.67 metres (35.0 ft); August 1990 with a peak of 10.65 metres (34.9 ft); October 1955 with a peak height of 10.62 metres (34.8 ft); March 2013 with a peak height of 10.55 metres (34.6 ft); and in August 1998 with a peak height of 10.35 metres (34.0 ft).

Forbes' most recent major flood event was in late September 2016 after heavy rain fell on much of inland NSW; as the Bureau of Meteorology declared 2016 as the third-wettest winter on record. Unseasonal heavy rainfall in most of the state, centred on the catchment area of the upper Lachlan during autumn and winter 2016, resulted in Wyangala Dam water storage levels increasing from 38 per cent to 90 per cent. By early August, the Bureau of Meteorology had issued flood warnings for the Orara, Macquarie, Bogan and Lachlan rivers. In late August, Water NSW began releasing up to 10,000 megalitres (350×10^6 cu ft) per day from Wyangala Dam ahead of expected daily rainfall in the range of 20 to 40 millimetres (0.79 to 1.57 in) in the dam's catchment area. Moderate to major flooding first hit Forbes and Condobolin in early September, and by mid-September predictions were for widespread flooding across most of inland New South Wales. By late September, flooding had peaked in Forbes at 10.67 metres (35.0 ft), with 1,000 people evacuated, as the Newell Highway was cut north and south of Forbes' central business district. Forbes was declared a natural disaster zone after flash flooding occurred, resulting in some residents being without homes. Back up support was provided by the State Emergency Service and the Australian Defence Force. As the Lachlan flowed into the Murrumbidgee River, major flooding occurred downriver during late October and early November at Hay, Darlington Point, Carrathool and Hillston.


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