Franklin, New Jersey facts for kids
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Franklin, New Jersey
|Borough of Franklin|
House in Franklin
Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World
Map of Franklin in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Franklin, New Jersey
|County||[[Image:|23x23px|border |]] Sussex|
|Incorporated||April 23, 1913|
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Total||4.43 sq mi (11.47 km2)|
|• Land||4.36 sq mi (11.28 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.19 km2) 1.60%|
|Area rank||284th of 565 in state
17th of 24 in county
|Elevation||541 ft (165 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Rank||376th of 566 in state
11th of 24 in county
|• Density||1,121.6/sq mi (434.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||366th of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area code(s)||973 exchanges: 209, 823, 827|
|GNIS feature ID||0885224|
Franklin is a borough in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,045 reflecting a decline of 115 (-2.2%) from the 5,160 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 183 (+3.7%) from the 4,977 counted in the 1990 Census.
Franklin, known as the "Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World," is located over a rich ore body containing more than 150 minerals, many of them fluorescent and 25 of which are found nowhere else on earth. Settled in the 17th century, the village known as Franklin Furnace after Benjamin Franklin, developed near iron mines and iron smelting operations located along the Wallkill River. In the early 19th century, zinc deposits in the area began to be developed commercially. For most of the century many small companies mined zinc and iron in the Franklin area. In 1897 all zinc mining efforts merged into the New Jersey Zinc Company, which was a major controlling factor in the development of Franklin. Immigrants from Russia, Britain, Hungary and Poland joined the work force at the mine. The population, 500 in 1897, had swelled to 3,000 by 1913. On March 18, 1913, the Borough of Franklin was incorporated from portions of Hardyston Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 23, 1913.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Franklin borough had a total area of 4.570 square miles (11.835 km2), including 4.498 square miles (11.650 km2) of land and 0.072 square miles (0.185 km2) of water (1.57%).
Franklin Furnace provides many examples of the complex mineralogy of the area.
1930–1990 2000 2010
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,045 people, 1,936 households, and 1,316 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,121.6 per square mile (433.1/km2). There were 2,136 housing units at an average density of 474.9 per square mile (183.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 92.15% (4,649) White, 2.18% (110) Black or African American, 0.30% (15) Native American, 1.74% (88) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.23% (62) from other races, and 2.40% (121) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.83% (395) of the population.
There were 1,936 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 93.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,813 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,585) and the median family income was $81,875 (+/- $11,964). Males had a median income of $49,413 (+/- $8,152) versus $45,385 (+/- $9,926) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,708 (+/- $2,344). About 5.1% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,160 people, 1,898 households, and 1,324 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,150.2 people per square mile (443.7/km2). There were 1,997 housing units at an average density of 445.1 per square mile (171.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.10% White, 0.62% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 1.22% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population.
There were 1,898 households, out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $44,985, and the median income for a family was $52,682. Males had a median income of $41,080 versus $26,201 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,386. About 5.6% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 26.87 miles (43.24 km) of roadways, of which 21.00 miles (33.80 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.93 miles (4.72 km) by Sussex County and 2.94 miles (4.73 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The main highway providing service to Franklin is New Jersey Route 23. County Route 517 also traverses the borough, mostly concurrent with Route 23.
Students in public school for kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Franklin Borough School District. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 439 students and 47.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.2:1.
For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Wallkill Valley Regional High School which also serves students from Hamburg Borough, Hardyston Township and Ogdensburg Borough, and is part of the Wallkill Valley Regional High School District. As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 604 students and 56.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.8:1. Seats on the high school district's nine-member board of education are allocated based on the populations of the constituent municipalities, with two seats assigned to Franklin.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Franklin include:
- Alexandra Tillson Filer (born 1916), metallurgist, mineral collector and bookseller.
- Charles Joseph Fletcher (1922–2011), inventor and the owner / CEO of Technology General Corporation who developed an early version of the hovercraft.
- Samuel Fowler (1779–1844), doctor, state legislator, and member of the United States House of Representatives who was one of the developers of the mines in the area.
- Alfred B. Littell (1893–1970), politician who was mayor of Franklin in the 1950s, who also served as a member of both houses of the New Jersey Legislature and as President of the New Jersey Senate in 1951.
- Robert Littell (1936–2014), politician, who served as a member of the New Jersey State Senate from 1992 to 2008.
- Charles Francis Lynch (1884–1942), United States Attorney and a United States district court judge in New Jersey.
- Alison Littell McHose (born 1965), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 2003 to 2015 until she was appointed as borough administrator.
- Steve Nagy (1919–2016), pitcher who played for two MLB seasons for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Washington Senators, as part of a career that included 14 minor league seasons.
- Steve Oroho (born 1958), politician, who has served in the New Jersey Senate since 2008, where he represents the 24th Legislative District.
Franklin, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.