Franklin, New Jersey facts for kids
- See also: Franklin Township, New Jersey; Franklin Lakes, New Jersey
|Franklin, New Jersey|
|Borough of Franklin|
|Nickname(s): Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World|
Map of Franklin in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Franklin, New Jersey
|Incorporated||April 23, 1913|
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin|
|• Total||4.570 sq mi (11.835 km2)|
|• Land||4.498 sq mi (11.650 km2)|
|• Water||0.072 sq mi (0.185 km2) 1.57%|
|Area rank||282nd of 566 in state
17th of 24 in county
|Elevation||541 ft (165 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||4,855|
|• Rank||376th of 566 in state
11th of 24 in county
|• Density||1,121.6/sq mi (434.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||366th of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4)|
|Area code(s)||973 exchanges: 209, 823, 827|
|GNIS feature ID||0885224|
Franklin is a borough in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,045 reflecting a decline of 115 (-2.2%) from the 5,160 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 183 (+3.7%) from the 4,977 counted in the 1990 Census.
Franklin, known as the "Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World," is located over a rich ore body containing more than 150 minerals, many of them fluorescent and 25 of which are found nowhere else on earth. Settled in the 17th century, the village known as Franklin Furnace after Benjamin Franklin, developed near iron mines and iron smelting operations located along the Wallkill River. In the early 19th century, zinc deposits in the area began to be developed commercially. For most of the century many small companies mined zinc and iron in the Franklin area. In 1897 all zinc mining efforts merged into the New Jersey Zinc Company, which was a major controlling factor in the development of Franklin. Immigrants from Russia, Britain, Hungary and Poland joined the work force at the mine. The population, 500 in 1897, had swelled to 3,000 by 1913. On March 18, 1913, the Borough of Franklin was incorporated from portions of Hardyston Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 23, 1913.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Franklin borough had a total area of 4.570 square miles (11.835 km2), including 4.498 square miles (11.650 km2) of land and 0.072 square miles (0.185 km2) of water (1.57%).
Franklin Furnace provides many examples of the complex mineralogy of the area.
1930–1990 2000 2010
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,045 people, 1,936 households, and 1,316 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,121.6 per square mile (433.1/km2). There were 2,136 housing units at an average density of 474.9 per square mile (183.4/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 92.15% (4,649) White, 2.18% (110) Black or African American, 0.30% (15) Native American, 1.74% (88) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.23% (62) from other races, and 2.40% (121) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.83% (395) of the population.
There were 1,936 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 93.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,813 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,585) and the median family income was $81,875 (+/- $11,964). Males had a median income of $49,413 (+/- $8,152) versus $45,385 (+/- $9,926) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,708 (+/- $2,344). About 5.1% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,160 people, 1,898 households, and 1,324 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,150.2 people per square mile (443.7/km2). There were 1,997 housing units at an average density of 445.1 per square mile (171.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.10% White, 0.62% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 1.22% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population.
There were 1,898 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $44,985, and the median income for a family was $52,682. Males had a median income of $41,080 versus $26,201 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,386. About 5.6% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 26.87 miles (43.24 km) of roadways, of which 21.00 miles (33.80 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.93 miles (4.72 km) by Sussex County and 2.94 miles (4.73 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Franklin, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.