Hardyston Township, New Jersey facts for kids

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Hardyston Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Hardyston
Old Monroe School House
Old Monroe School House
Map of Hardyston Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Hardyston Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Hardyston Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Hardyston Township, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Sussex
Royal charter February 25, 1762
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Josiah Hardy
Area
 • Total 32.638 sq mi (84.531 km2)
 • Land 31.972 sq mi (82.806 km2)
 • Water 0.666 sq mi (1.725 km2)  2.04%
Area rank 73rd of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county
Elevation 1,070 ft (330 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 8,213
 • Estimate (2015) 8,030
 • Rank 279th of 566 in state
6th of 24 in county
 • Density 256.9/sq mi (99.2/km2)
 • Density rank 489th of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07419 - Hamburg
07460 - Stockholm
Area code(s) 973
FIPS code 3403729850
GNIS feature ID 0882269
Website www.hardyston.com

Hardyston Township is a township in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 8,213, reflecting an increase of 2,042 (+33.1%) from the 6,171 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 896 (+17.0%) from the 5,275 counted in the 1990 Census.

History

Hardyston Township was set off from portions of Newton Township by Royal charter on February 25, 1762. It was named after Josiah Hardy, who was royal governor of New Jersey from 1761–1763. The original British spelling of Hardiston was Americanized to Hardyston after the American Revolutionary War.

Hardyston was incorporated on February 21, 1798, by an act of the New Jersey Legislature as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships. Over the centuries, portions of the township were taken to form Vernon Township (April 8, 1793), Sparta Township (April 14, 1845), Franklin (March 18, 1913) and Hamburg (March 19, 1920).

Hardyston was serviced first by the New Jersey Midland Railway, which built the station in Stockholm. However, there was a dispute over the name as that area was known as Snufftown because of the snuff factory along the Pequannock River, which provide the water power. Through a series of events between the residents of Stockholm and the railroad, the area eventually changed the name from Snufftown to Stockholm. Later, it was the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway, who provided service into the early 1960s when a mud slide removed a large section of trackage in West Milford Township and coupled with low productivity, the line was not repaired and service was disconnected. Today, the New York Susquehanna and Western Railway runs freight through Hardyston. The main highways are Route 23 and Route 94.

A large eastern portion of the township is owned by the City of Newark, Essex County, for their Pequannock River Watershed, which provides water to the city from an area of 35,000 acres (14,000 ha) that also includes portions of Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Rockaway Township, Vernon Township and West Milford.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 32.638 square miles (84.531 km2), including 31.972 square miles (82.806 km2) of land and 0.666 square miles (1.725 km2) of water (2.04%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Beaver Lake, Beaver Run, Big Springs, Bradys Pond, Hamburg, Hardistonville, Holland, Lake Stockholm, Monroe, North Church, Rudeville, Rudstown, Silver Lake, Stockholm, Summit Lake and Tamarack Lake.

Postal ZIP codes covering Hardyston Township are 07460 Stockholm, 07416 Franklin Borough, 07419 Hamburg Borough, and a small part of 07848 Lafayette Township.

In terms of physical geography, nearly all of Hardyston (excluding the portion of the township west of Hamburg along Route 94) lies within the New York – New Jersey Highlands, part of the greater Crystalline Appalachians that extend as far south as the Blue Ridge Mountains. Hardyston is home to portions of Hamburg Mountain (east of Franklin) and Pochuck Mountain (near Scenic Lakes) within this region. The remaining northwestern portion of the township lies within the Ridge-and-valley Appalachians. The prominent feature in the ridge-and-valley portion of the Township is the Wallkill Valley, through which the Wallkill River flows northeast to New York state.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,702
1820 2,160 26.9%
1830 2,588 19.8%
1840 2,831 9.4%
1850 1,344 * −52.5%
1860 1,712 27.4%
1870 1,668 −2.6%
1880 2,645 58.6%
1890 2,542 −3.9%
1900 3,425 34.7%
1910 5,210 52.1%
1920 1,928 * −63.0%
1930 946 * −50.9%
1940 1,034 9.3%
1950 1,279 23.7%
1960 2,206 72.5%
1970 3,499 58.6%
1980 4,553 30.1%
1990 5,275 15.9%
2000 6,171 17.0%
2010 8,213 33.1%
Est. 2015 8,030 −2.2%
Population sources:
1810-1920 1840
1850-1870 1850 1870
1880-1890 1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,213 people, 3,255 households, and 2,376 families residing in the township. The population density was 256.9 per square mile (99.2/km2). There were 3,783 housing units at an average density of 118.3 per square mile (45.7/km2)*. The racial makeup of the township was 91.65% (7,527) White, 2.61% (214) Black or African American, 0.17% (14) Native American, 3.01% (247) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.21% (99) from other races, and 1.35% (111) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.56% (457) of the population.

There were 3,255 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the township, the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 93.2 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $81,655 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,575) and the median family income was $93,657 (+/- $14,035). Males had a median income of $70,592 (+/- $9,771) versus $42,899 (+/- $4,944) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $38,383 (+/- $2,894). About 3.5% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 6,171 people, 2,319 households, and 1,716 families residing in the township. The population density was 192.3 people per square mile (74.2/km2). There were 2,690 housing units at an average density of 83.8 per square mile (32.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.56% White, 0.84% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.57% Asian, 0.49% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.22% of the population.

There were 2,319 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the township the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $65,511, and the median income for a family was $72,199. Males had a median income of $51,503 versus $32,319 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,457. About 2.7% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 63.53 miles (102.24 km) of roadways, of which 44.23 miles (71.18 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.71 miles (14.02 km) by Sussex County and 10.59 miles (17.04 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.


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