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Gallatin, Missouri
Daviess County Courthouse
Daviess County Courthouse
Location of Gallatin, Missouri
Location of Gallatin, Missouri
Country United States
State Missouri
County Daviess
Incorporated 1856
Area
 • Total 2.77 sq mi (7.16 km2)
 • Land 2.75 sq mi (7.12 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
925 ft (282 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,786
 • Estimate 
(2020)
1,761
 • Density 636.46/sq mi (245.72/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
64640
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-26308
GNIS feature ID 0766157

Gallatin is a city in Daviess County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,786 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Daviess County.

History

Gallatin was founded in 1837 and named for Albert Gallatin, America's longest-serving Secretary of the Treasury (1801–1814). Gallatin was incorporated in 1857.

The Gallatin Election Day Battle took place on 6 August 1838, when about 200 people attempted to forcibly prevent Mormons from voting in the newly created county's first election. The skirmish is often cited as the opening event of the 1838 Mormon War. Gallatin is important in the Mormon religion; nearby is a place known to Mormons as Adam-ondi-Ahman, believed to be the site where Adam and Eve lived after being expelled from the Garden of Eden.

In 1892, Grand River College moved from Edinburg, Missouri to Gallatin, where it operated for a period under the auspices of William Jewell College before permanently closing in 1910 following a fire.

The Daviess County Rotary Jail and Sheriff's Residence, the A. Taylor Ray House and the Daviess County Courthouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Gallatin is located at 39°54′43″N 93°57′43″W / 39.91194°N 93.96194°W / 39.91194; -93.96194 (39.912073, -93.961930). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.77 square miles (7.17 km2), of which, 2.75 square miles (7.12 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 448
1880 1,141
1890 1,489 30.5%
1900 1,780 19.5%
1910 1,825 2.5%
1920 1,747 −4.3%
1930 1,504 −13.9%
1940 1,642 9.2%
1950 1,634 −0.5%
1960 1,658 1.5%
1970 1,833 10.6%
1980 2,063 12.5%
1990 1,864 −9.6%
2000 1,789 −4.0%
2010 1,786 −0.2%
2020 (est.) 1,761 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,786 people, 712 households, and 471 families living in the city. The population density was 649.5 inhabitants per square mile (250.8/km2). There were 880 housing units at an average density of 320.0 per square mile (123.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.0% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 712 households, of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.8% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 38.6 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

Education

PreK-12 public education is provided by the Gallatin R-V School District. PreK-4 is located at Covel D. Searcy Elementary School, 5–8 at Gallatin Middle School, and 9–12 at Gallatin High School.

Gallatin has the main branch of the Daviess County Library.

Notable people

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