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Gascoyne, North Dakota
Gascoyne
Gascoyne
Location of Gascoyne, North Dakota
Location of Gascoyne, North Dakota
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Bowman
Founded 1907
Area
 • Total 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Land 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,762 ft (842 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 16
 • Estimate 
(2019)
15
 • Density 15.02/sq mi (5.80/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
58653
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-29540
GNIS feature ID 1029089

Gascoyne is a village in Bowman County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 16 at the 2010 census.

History

The city was founded in 1907 and known originally as Fischbein before the name was changed to Gascoyne on March 25, 1908. The new name came from a construction foreman on the Milwaukee Road transcontinental rail line that was built through the city, though an alternate explanation suggests that the name refers to the large deposits of natural gas found in the area.

Reserves of lignite coal are also found in the area, and Gascoyne was the site of a coal mine for much of the 20th century. The most active period for the mine occurred between 1975 and 1995, when about 2.5 million tons of lignite were produced per year, primarily for the Big Stone Power Plant near Big Stone City, South Dakota. The mine began ceasing production in 1995, and was shut down completely in 1997. In 2001, Westmoreland Coal Company purchased the mine with an intent to resume mining and construct a 500 megawatt power plant on site. These plans were later suspended in 2008 due to environmental concerns.

Geography

Gascoyne is located at 46°7′6″N 103°4′52″W / 46.11833°N 103.08111°W / 46.11833; -103.08111 (46.118380, -103.081202).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 60
1930 97 61.7%
1940 48 −50.5%
1950 76 58.3%
1960 50 −34.2%
1970 34 −32.0%
1980 23 −32.4%
1990 22 −4.3%
2000 23 4.5%
2010 16 −30.4%
2019 (est.) 15 −6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 16 people in 9 households, including 5 families, in the city. The population density was 16.0 inhabitants per square mile (6.2/km2). There were 10 housing units at an average density of 10.0 per square mile (3.9/km2). The racial makup of the city was 100.0% White.

Of the 9 households 11.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, and 44.4% were non-families. 44.4% of households were one person and 11.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 1.78 and the average family size was 2.40.

The median age was 63.5 years. 12.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 0.0% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 18.8% were from 45 to 64; and 43.8% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 62.5% male and 37.5% female.

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