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Gilead, Maine
A view of Gilead in 1892
A view of Gilead in 1892
Gilead, Maine is located in Maine
Gilead, Maine
Gilead, Maine
Location in Maine
Country United States
State Maine
County Oxford
Area
 • Total 19.67 sq mi (50.95 km2)
 • Land 18.88 sq mi (48.90 km2)
 • Water 0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)
Elevation
663 ft (202 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 195
 • Density 10/sq mi (4.0/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04217
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-27505
GNIS feature ID 0582490

Gilead is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. Upon incorporation in 1804, it was named for the large quantity of Balm of Gilead trees in the town center. The population was 195 at the 2020 census.

History

In the late 1700s, Massachusetts sold land in what is now Maine to encourage the settlement of the area. In 1772, Oliver and John Peabody, of Andover, MA and John and Samuel Bodwell of Methuen, MA bought 6000 acres above Sudbury Canada. Gilead was first granted as Peabody's Patent. In 1804, there were 20 families and the need for schools, churches, roads and other community necessities had become evident. It was time to raise money to bring this about. The petition was granted on June 23, 1804 and Peabody's Patent became Gilead.

Geography

GileadME TownHall
Town Hall

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.67 square miles (50.95 km2), of which, 18.88 square miles (48.90 km2) of it is land and 0.79 square miles (2.05 km2) is water.

Gilead is the first town encountered when crossing into Maine from New Hampshire on U.S. Route 2, which is the major road in the town.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 215
1820 328 52.6%
1830 377 14.9%
1840 313 −17.0%
1850 359 14.7%
1860 347 −3.3%
1870 329 −5.2%
1880 293 −10.9%
1890 336 14.7%
1900 340 1.2%
1910 233 −31.5%
1920 196 −15.9%
1930 220 12.2%
1940 160 −27.3%
1950 140 −12.5%
1960 136 −2.9%
1970 153 12.5%
1980 191 24.8%
1990 204 6.8%
2000 156 −23.5%
2010 209 34.0%
2020 195 −6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 209 people, 98 households, and 59 families living in the town. The population density was 11.1 inhabitants per square mile (4.3/km2). There were 151 housing units at an average density of 8.0 per square mile (3.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 98 households, of which 19.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 2.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.8% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.64.

The median age in the town was 46.5 years. 16.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.2% were from 45 to 64; and 22% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 55.5% male and 44.5% female.

In popular culture

Gilead is the setting for the movie The Spitfire Grill, though it was actually filmed in Vermont.

Gilead is the town native Mainer Steven King based the homeland of Roland Deschain on, protagonist of The Dark Tower series.

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