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Oxford County, Maine facts for kids

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Oxford County
Strathglass Building at Rumford, Maine.
Map of Maine highlighting Oxford County
Location within the U.S. state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Maine
Founded 1805
Seat Paris
Largest town Rumford
Area
 • Total 2,176 sq mi (5,640 km2)
 • Land 2,077 sq mi (5,380 km2)
 • Water 99 sq mi (260 km2)  4.5%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 57,777
 • Density 26.552/sq mi (10.2518/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Oxford County is a county in the state of Maine, United States. As of the 2020 Census, the county had a population of 57,777. Its county seat is the town of Paris. The county was formed on March 4, 1805, by the Massachusetts General Court in the Maine District from northerly portions of York and Cumberland counties. It borders the Canadian province of Quebec.

Part of Oxford County is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area while a different part of Oxford County is included in the Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,176 square miles (5,640 km2), of which 2,077 square miles (5,380 km2) is land and 99 square miles (260 km2) (4.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties and municipalities

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 17,630
1820 27,104 53.7%
1830 35,219 29.9%
1840 38,351 8.9%
1850 39,763 3.7%
1860 36,698 −7.7%
1870 33,488 −8.7%
1880 32,627 −2.6%
1890 30,586 −6.3%
1900 32,238 5.4%
1910 36,256 12.5%
1920 37,700 4.0%
1930 41,483 10.0%
1940 42,662 2.8%
1950 44,221 3.7%
1960 44,345 0.3%
1970 43,457 −2.0%
1980 48,968 12.7%
1990 52,602 7.4%
2000 54,755 4.1%
2010 57,833 5.6%
2020 57,777 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2016 2018

Ancestries

As of 2015, the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Oxford County, Maine were:

Largest ancestries (2015) Percent
English England 22.6%
French France
or French Canadian Drapeau Franco-Américain.svg
20.9%
Irish Republic of Ireland 15.7%
"American" United States 8.9%
German Germany 6.5%
Scottish Scotland 5.6%
Italian Italy 4.9%
Polish Poland 1.9%

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 57,833 people, 24,300 households, and 15,781 families living in the county. The population density was 27.8 inhabitants per square mile (10.7/km2). There were 36,055 housing units at an average density of 17.4 per square mile (6.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.6% were English, 14.8% were Irish, 8.2% were American, 6.4% were German, and 5.6% were French Canadian.

Of the 24,300 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, and 27.1% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 44.6 years.

The median household income was $39,748 and the median family income was $48,000. Males had a median income of $37,892 versus $30,187 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,254. About 9.6% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

Oxford county is home to many summer camps. Some of these camps are Camp Wekeela, Kamp Kohut, Camp Wyonegonic, Forest Acres Camp for Girls and Maine Teen Camp.

Communities

Towns

Unorganized territories

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

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