Oxford County, Maine facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Oxford County, Maine
Map
Map of Maine highlighting Oxford County
Location in the state of Maine
Map of the USA highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1805
Seat Paris
Largest town Rumford
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,176 sq mi (5,636 km²)
2,077 sq mi (5,379 km²)
99 sq mi (256 km²), 4.5%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

57,833
28/sq mi (10.74/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.oxfordcounty.org

Oxford County is a county located in the state of Maine, in the United States. As of the 2010 Census, the county had a population of 57,833. Its county seat is the town of Paris. The county was formed on March 4, 1805 from northerly portions of York and Cumberland counties. It borders the Canadian province of Quebec.

Part of Oxford County is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area while a different part of Oxford County is included in the Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,176 square miles (5,640 km2), of which 2,077 square miles (5,380 km2) is land and 99 square miles (260 km2) (4.5%) is water.

Adjacent counties and municipalities

National protected areas

  • Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • White Mountain National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 17,630
1820 27,104 53.7%
1830 35,219 29.9%
1840 38,351 8.9%
1850 39,763 3.7%
1860 36,698 −7.7%
1870 33,488 −8.7%
1880 32,627 −2.6%
1890 30,586 −6.3%
1900 32,238 5.4%
1910 36,256 12.5%
1920 37,700 4.0%
1930 41,483 10.0%
1940 42,662 2.8%
1950 44,221 3.7%
1960 44,345 0.3%
1970 43,457 −2.0%
1980 48,968 12.7%
1990 52,602 7.4%
2000 54,755 4.1%
2010 57,833 5.6%
Est. 2015 57,202 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

2015

2015

As of 2015 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Oxford County, Maine are:

Largest ancestries (2015) Percent
English England 22.6%
French or French Canadian France Drapeau Franco-Américain.svg 20.9%
Irish Republic of Ireland 15.7%
"American" United States 8.9%
German Germany 6.5%
Scottish Scotland 5.6%
Italian Italy 4.9%
Polish Poland 1.9%

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 54,755 people, 22,314 households, and 15,173 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 32,295 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.25% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.6% were of English, 13.9% French, 13.7% United States or American, 10.1% Irish and 8.4% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9% spoke English and 2.6% French as their first language.

There were 22,314 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,435, and the median income for a family was $39,794. Males had a median income of $30,641 versus $21,233 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,945. About 8.30% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.80% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 57,833 people, 24,300 households, and 15,781 families residing in the county. The population density was 27.8 inhabitants per square mile (10.7/km2). There were 36,055 housing units at an average density of 17.4 per square mile (6.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.6% were English, 14.8% were Irish, 8.2% were American, 6.4% were German, and 5.6% were French Canadian.

Of the 24,300 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, and 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 44.6 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,748 and the median income for a family was $48,000. Males had a median income of $37,892 versus $30,187 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,254. About 9.6% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

Oxford county is home to many summer camps. Some of these camps are Camp Wekeela, Kamp Kohut, Camp Wyonegonic, Forest Acres Camp for Girls and Maine Teen Camp.

Communities

Towns

Unorganized territories

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities


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