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Dixfield, Maine
Dixfield town hall and post office
Dixfield town hall and post office
Motto(s): 
The Only One
Coordinates: 44°32′13″N 70°27′10″W / 44.53694°N 70.45278°W / 44.53694; -70.45278Coordinates: 44°32′13″N 70°27′10″W / 44.53694°N 70.45278°W / 44.53694; -70.45278
Country United States
State Maine
County Oxford County
Area
 • Total 41.69 sq mi (107.98 km2)
 • Land 41.27 sq mi (106.89 km2)
 • Water 0.42 sq mi (1.09 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,550
 • Estimate 
(2012)
2,515
 • Density 61.8/sq mi (23.9/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)

Dixfield is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 2,550 at the 2010 census. The town motto of Dixfield is "The Only One", because it is the only town in the world to claim that name. Dr. Elijah Dix, a substantial landowner in the area, bought the town (and Dixmont) which bears his name.

History

Weld Street, Dixfield, ME
Weld Street in 1911

The Massachusetts General Court granted the township in 1789 to Colonel Jonathan Holman of Sutton, Massachusetts (now Millbury), an American Revolutionary War veteran, together with 25 others. In 1795, the first permanent settlers arrived with their families—John Marble, Gardner Brown, Amos Trask, Levi Newton, David Torrey and John Gould. It was called Holmantown Plantation until part of it was incorporated on June 21, 1803 as Dixfield, the 147th town in Maine (the remainder of the plantation would be incorporated in 1818 as Mexico). Dr. Elijah Dix of Boston, a substantial landowner in the area, promised to donate a library for the town if the citizens changed its name from Holmantown to Dixfield. The citizens complied, after which the town received dusty old boxes of medical books printed in German. Dr. Dix also left his name on Dixmont, where he died while visiting in 1809 and was buried.

With several streams for water power, Dixfield developed into a small mill town. It had sawmills and gristmills. It also produced cheese, carriages, shingles, toothpicks, rakes, wooden boxes, flies and leaders, boots and shoes. Dixfield once had a marble works.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.69 square miles (107.98 km2), of which, 41.27 square miles (106.89 km2) of it is land and 0.42 square miles (1.09 km2) is water. Dixfield is drained by Newton Brook, the Webb River and the Androscoggin River. U.S. Route 2 passes through the town.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 403
1820 595 47.6%
1830 889 49.4%
1840 1,169 31.5%
1850 1,180 0.9%
1860 1,181 0.1%
1870 1,049 −11.2%
1880 913 −13.0%
1890 988 8.2%
1900 1,052 6.5%
1910 1,056 0.4%
1920 1,134 7.4%
1930 1,521 34.1%
1940 1,790 17.7%
1950 2,022 13.0%
1960 2,323 14.9%
1970 2,188 −5.8%
1980 2,389 9.2%
1990 2,574 7.7%
2000 2,514 −2.3%
2010 2,550 1.4%
2014 (est.) 2,487 −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: Dixfield (CDP), Maine

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,550 people, 1,044 households, and 722 families living in the town. The population density was 61.8 inhabitants per square mile (23.9/km2). There were 1,180 housing units at an average density of 28.6 per square mile (11.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.9% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 1,044 households, of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.8% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the town was 41.9 years. 24.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 29.7% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

Sites of interest

  • Mainely Critters Wildlife Museum
  • The Bridge That's Never Finished

Education

The town has two schools, TW Kelly Middle School and the Dirigo High School. The mascot is the cougar and the school color is blue. The middle school consists of grades 6–8 and the high school consists of grades 9–12. It was a part of RSU10 but is now currently part of RSU56.

Notable people

  • Sebastian Streeter Marble, US congressman
  • Gideon Ellis Newman, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
  • Mace Greenleaf, stage and screen actor
  • Leonard Trask, Suffered from a broken neck that healed wrong, leaving him deformed
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