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Mexico, Maine
Country United States
State Maine
County Oxford
Area
 • Total 23.57 sq mi (61.05 km2)
 • Land 23.34 sq mi (60.45 km2)
 • Water 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
Elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,681
 • Estimate 
(2012)
2,643
 • Density 114.9/sq mi (44.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04257
Area code(s) 207
Website mexicomaine.net
Map of Maine highlighting Rumford
Location of town of Mexico in Oxford County, state of Maine

Mexico is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 2,681 at the 2010 census. Mexico is a small mill town for the papermaking industry.

History

The land was once part of Holmanstown Plantation, granted by the Massachusetts General Court in 1789 to Colonel Jonathan Holman of Sutton, Massachusetts (now Millbury) and others. In 1803, Dixfield was set off and incorporated. The plantation's remaining portion, which had been first settled by Isaac Gleason, was incorporated on February 13, 1818 as the town of Mexico. The name was inspired by local sympathy for Mexico's 1810–1821 fight for independence from Spain. Then known as Mexico Corner, it developed as a farming community with mills at the streams. In 1894, George W. Ridlon, president of the Rumford Falls Brick Company, founded a settlement in the eastern part of the town called Ridlonville. He erected 30 cottages and The Hotel Ridlon.

Roundhouse & Mexico, ME
General view of Mexico from Rumford Falls c. 1905

Mexico is located on several hills overlooking the Androscoggin River. Across the river is the town of Rumford, which has a large paper mill. The Swift River empties into the Androscoggin at Mexico's southwest corner, its historic business center positioned in the 19th-century near the source of water power. While the large Androscoggin forms Mexico's southern boundary with Rumford, the smaller Swift River more or less follows its western boundary with that town. Mexico's downtown is located on land formed by the northeast corner of the right-angle junction of the two rivers. These low lying riverbanks in Mexico have flooded many times, including 1936, 1953 and 1987.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.57 square miles (61.05 km2), of which, 23.34 square miles (60.45 km2) of it is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water. Mexico is drained by the Swift River and the Androscoggin River, which separates it from Rumford Falls.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 148
1830 343 131.8%
1840 447 30.3%
1850 482 7.8%
1860 671 39.2%
1870 458 −31.7%
1880 403 −12.0%
1890 355 −11.9%
1900 816 129.9%
1910 2,065 153.1%
1920 3,242 57.0%
1930 4,767 47.0%
1940 4,431 −7.0%
1950 4,762 7.5%
1960 5,043 5.9%
1970 4,309 −14.6%
1980 3,698 −14.2%
1990 3,344 −9.6%
2000 2,959 −11.5%
2010 2,681 −9.4%
2014 (est.) 2,610 −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: Mexico (CDP), Maine

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,681 people, 1,185 households, and 735 families living in the town. The population density was 114.9 inhabitants per square mile (44.4/km2). There were 1,404 housing units at an average density of 60.2 per square mile (23.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.6% White, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 1,185 households, of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.0% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.72.

The median age in the town was 44.7 years. 19.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

Climate

This climatic region has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Mexico has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.

Climate data for Mexico, Maine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) -2.8
(27)
-0.6
(31)
3.9
(39)
11.1
(52)
18.9
(66)
23.9
(75)
26.1
(79)
25
(77)
20.6
(69)
13.9
(57)
6.1
(43)
-0.6
(31)
12.2
(54)
Average low °C (°F) -13.9
(7)
-13.3
(8)
-7.2
(19)
-0.6
(31)
5
(41)
10.6
(51)
13.3
(56)
12.2
(54)
7.8
(46)
2.2
(36)
-2.2
(28)
-10
(14)
0.6
(33)
Precipitation cm (inches) 8
(3)
7
(2.6)
9
(3.4)
10
(3.8)
10
(3.8)
11
(4.3)
10
(3.8)
10
(4)
9
(3.5)
11
(4.2)
12
(4.7)
9
(3.7)
114
(45)
Source: Weatherbase

Notable people

  • Chummy Broomhall, cross-country skier
  • Ed McMahon, entertainment personality
  • Charles W. Walton, US congressman
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