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Hebron, Maine
Sturtevant Hall, Hebron Academy
Sturtevant Hall, Hebron Academy
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Coordinates: 44°13′4″N 70°22′44″W / 44.21778°N 70.37889°W / 44.21778; -70.37889
Country United States
State Maine
County Oxford
Incorporated 1792
Area
 • Total 22.54 sq mi (58.38 km2)
 • Land 22.41 sq mi (58.04 km2)
 • Water 0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
Elevation
531 ft (162 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,416
 • Estimate 
(2012)
1,401
 • Density 63.2/sq mi (24.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04238
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-32370
GNIS feature ID 0582516

Hebron is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. Hebron is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England city and town area. The town's history has always been interconnected with Hebron Academy, a co-ed college preparatory boarding school which is located in the town's heart. The population was 1,416 at the 2010 census. There is an elementary school, Hebron Station School, located on Station Road.

History

It was granted on March 8, 1777 by the Massachusetts General Court to Alexander Shepard, Jr. of Newton, Massachusetts as payment for a survey chart of the Maine coast that he had assisted making. It was named Shepardsfield Plantation, although early inhabitants called it Bog Brook Plantation. The first settlers were Captain Daniel Buckman and his family in 1778. Others followed, many fresh from the battlefields of the Revolutionary War. On February 27, 1829, Hebron's southwestern half was set off and incorporated as the town of Oxford.

Agriculture was the principal occupation, with hay the chief crop. In addition, the town had fine orchards. The outlet of Marshall Pond, the largest body of water, provided power for mills. There was a sawmill, shingle mill, pail factory, blacksmith shop and shoe shop. In 1804, Deacon William Barrows, Jr. was instrumental in founding Hebron Academy. The town would be crossed by the Rumford Falls and Buckfield Railroad. The Western Maine Sanatorium opened at Hebron in 1904, the first of its kind in the state. It treated tuberculosis patients with rest, fresh air and a healthy diet. Taken over by the state in 1915, it closed in 1959.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.54 square miles (58.38 km2), of which, 22.41 square miles (58.04 km2) of it is land and 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2) is water. Hebron is drained by Cobb Brook, Cushman Brook, Bicknell Brook and Allen Brook.

The town is crossed by Maine State Route 119. It borders the towns of Buckfield to the north, Oxford to the south, Paris to the west, and Turner and Minot to the east.

Hebron Maine is known for the Rubellite Tourmaline found on Mt. Rubellite in Hebron Center.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 981
1810 1,211 23.4%
1820 1,727 42.6%
1830 915 −47.0%
1840 945 3.3%
1850 839 −11.2%
1860 895 6.7%
1870 744 −16.9%
1880 601 −19.2%
1890 600 −0.2%
1900 494 −17.7%
1910 603 22.1%
1920 652 8.1%
1930 791 21.3%
1940 678 −14.3%
1950 829 22.3%
1960 465 −43.9%
1970 532 14.4%
1980 665 25.0%
1990 878 32.0%
2000 1,053 19.9%
2010 1,416 34.5%
2014 (est.) 1,400 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
Sturtevant Home, Hebron Academy, ME
Sturtevant Home in 1907

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,416 people, 449 households, and 343 families living in the town. The population density was 63.2 inhabitants per square mile (24.4/km2). There were 483 housing units at an average density of 21.6 per square mile (8.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.9% White, 1.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.5% Asian, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 449 households, of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.6% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the town was 33.4 years. 29.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 7.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 52.6% male and 47.4% female.

Notable people

  • Albion K. Parris, US senator, fifth governor of Maine
  • Horace A. Barrows, 19th century physician
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