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Buckfield, Maine
The Zadoc Long Free Library
Motto(s): 
"Where good people live"
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Coordinates: 44°17′43″N 70°22′2″W / 44.29528°N 70.36722°W / 44.29528; -70.36722
Country United States
State Maine
County Oxford
Incorporated 1793
Area
 • Total 37.77 sq mi (97.82 km2)
 • Land 37.53 sq mi (97.20 km2)
 • Water 0.24 sq mi (0.62 km2)
Elevation
374 ft (114 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 2,009
 • Estimate 
(2012)
1,999
 • Density 54/sq mi (20.7/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
04220
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-08710
GNIS feature ID 0582376
Website Town of Buckfield, Maine

Buckfield is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. Buckfield is included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area. It is a member of Regional School Unit 10 along with nearby Hartford and Sumner. The town had a population of 2,009 as of the 2010 census.

History

It was first settled in 1776 by Benjamin Spaulding from Chelmsford, Massachusetts, a fur trapper. Abijah Buck and Thomas Allen settled in the area in spring of 1777 with their families. In 1785, the inhabitants procured a survey of the town and purchased it from Massachusetts for 2 shillings per acre. Originally called Bucktown Plantation (or Plantation No. 5), in 1793 the Massachusetts General Court incorporated it as Buckfield, named for Abijah Buck.

The surface of the town is uneven, but has deep, dark soil that yielded good crops of grain, corn and apples. The east and west branches of the Nezinscot River join at Buckfield Village, supplying water power for mills. Products included lumber, roof shingles, barrel staves, box boards, shovel handles, snow-shovels, handsleds, drag-rakes, brushes, brush blocks, powder-kegs, leather harness, cutting-blocks and men's boots. In 1870, the population of the town was 1,494. The Rumford Falls and Buckfield Railroad passed through the town. Its depot was at Buckfield Village, the business center for the area.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.77 square miles (97.82 km2), of which, 37.53 square miles (97.20 km2) of it is land and 0.24 square miles (0.62 km2) is water. Buckfield is drained by the Nezinscot River, a tributary of the Androscoggin River.

The town is crossed by state routes 117 and 140. It borders the towns of Sumner and Hartford to the north, Turner to the east, Hebron to the south, and Paris to the west and West Paris to the northwest.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,002
1810 1,251 24.9%
1820 1,501 20.0%
1830 1,514 0.9%
1840 1,629 7.6%
1850 1,657 1.7%
1860 1,705 2.9%
1870 1,494 −12.4%
1880 1,379 −7.7%
1890 1,200 −13.0%
1900 1,139 −5.1%
1910 1,087 −4.6%
1920 957 −12.0%
1930 972 1.6%
1940 903 −7.1%
1950 899 −0.4%
1960 982 9.2%
1970 929 −5.4%
1980 1,333 43.5%
1990 1,566 17.5%
2000 1,723 10.0%
2010 2,009 16.6%
2014 (est.) 2,000 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,009 people, 821 households, and 547 families living in the town. The population density was 53.5 inhabitants per square mile (20.7/km2). There were 890 housing units at an average density of 23.7 per square mile (9.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.

There were 821 households, of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.4% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88.

The median age in the town was 41.2 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 32.9% were from 45 to 64; and 11.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 51.0% male and 49.0% female.

Landmarks

Notable people

  • William Berry, soldier
  • Hermon Carey Bumpus, fifth president of Tufts College (later Tufts University).
  • John Lewis Childs, horticulturist, N.Y. state senator, founder of Floral Park, New York
  • Patrick Dempsey, actor
  • Fritz Grobe, professional juggler and co-founder of Eepybird (the "Diet Coke and Mentos Guys")
  • Terry Hayes, State Representative and Maine State Treasurer
  • Ray Lamontagne, singer and songwriter
  • John Davis Long, Secretary of the Navy, 32nd governor of Massachusetts
  • Virgil D. Parris, US congressman
  • Thomas Phelps, naval officer
  • Charles H. Prince, US congressman
  • Albion Woodbury Small, sociologist and educator
  • Seba Smith, humorist and writer
  • Stephen Voltz, attorney and co-founder of Eepybird (the "Diet Coke and Mentos Guys")

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