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Androscoggin County, Maine facts for kids

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Androscoggin County
Holy Cross Church, Lewiston
Holy Cross Church, Lewiston
Map of Maine highlighting Androscoggin County
Location within the U.S. state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Maine
Founded March 18, 1854
Named for the Androscoggin tribe
Seat Auburn
Largest city Lewiston
Area
 • Total 497 sq mi (1,290 km2)
 • Land 468 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (80 km2)  5.9%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 107,702
 • Estimate 
(2019)
108,277
 • Density 216.70/sq mi (83.67/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Androscoggin County is a county in the U.S. state of Maine. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 107,702. Its county seat is Auburn.

Androscoggin County comprises the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area and is partially included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine, Metropolitan New England City and Town Area. It is also a part of the Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, Maine Combined Statistical Area.

Bates College is in the Androscoggin County city of Lewiston.

History

Demand for a new county emerged when the residents of the rapidly growing town of Lewiston complained of the long distance they had to travel to reach Wiscasset, the county seat of Lincoln County, in which county Lewiston was originally located. It was also an impractical circumstance as Lewiston's neighbor, Auburn, was part of Cumberland County. As the growing partnership of the two towns emerged, the case for the towns to be in the same county grew. Different plans were discussed, including Lewiston joining Cumberland County. Eventually, the idea of a new county came to the table. The debate then became over which town would be the center of the new county. Bath, Brunswick, and Lewiston each desired the distinction. Lewiston would eventually win the debate. Androscoggin County was created in 1854 from towns originally in Cumberland County, Lincoln County, Kennebec County, and Oxford County.

The next issue centered on where to put the county seat, as both Lewiston and Auburn desired to be named the county seat. It would eventually be put to a vote, with both towns putting different offers on the table, including ideas to cut the costs of the new county buildings for surrounding towns. Auburn would eventually win a convincing victory, with the towns on each side of the river voting for the town on their side. As more people then lived to the west of the Androscoggin River, Auburn won the vote.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 497 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 468 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (5.9%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in Maine by total area

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 29,726
1870 35,866 20.7%
1880 45,042 25.6%
1890 48,968 8.7%
1900 54,242 10.8%
1910 59,822 10.3%
1920 65,796 10.0%
1930 71,214 8.2%
1940 76,679 7.7%
1950 83,594 9.0%
1960 86,312 3.3%
1970 91,279 5.8%
1980 99,657 9.2%
1990 105,259 5.6%
2000 103,793 −1.4%
2010 107,702 3.8%
2020 111,139 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2016 2017

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 107,702 people, 44,315 households, and 28,045 families living in the county. The population density was 230.2 inhabitants per square mile (88.9/km2). There were 49,090 housing units at an average density of 104.9 per square mile (40.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.8% white, 3.6% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.2% were English, 20.5% were French Canadian, 20.1% were French, 15.5% were Irish, 8.1% were German, and 5.0% were American.

Of the 44,315 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.7% were non-families, and 28.3% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 39.8 years.

The median household income was $44,470 and the median family income was $55,045. Males had a median income of $41,554 versus $31,852 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,752. About 9.7% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

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