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Gladstone
South Australia
Gladstone Hotel South Australia.JPG
Gladstone Hotel
Population 629 (2006 census)
Postcode(s) 5473
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Northern Areas Council
State electorate(s) Electoral district of Frome
Federal Division(s) Division of Grey
Localities around Gladstone:
Beetaloo Valley Laura
Caltowie West
Caltowie
Gladstone West Bundaleer
Huddleston Georgetown

Gladstone (including the former town of Booyoolie) is a small rural town in the Mid North of South Australia in the approach to the lower Flinders Ranges. At the 2006 census, Gladstone had a population of 629.

The town services the surrounding district with two pubs, three churches, a bank, Post Office and several shops and small businesses providing basic goods and services. The closest hospital is 11 km away in a neighbouring rural town, but doctors take appointments in the town’s medical clinic. There is a kindergarten (approximately 12 enrolments), state primary school (63), Catholic primary school (60) and a secondary school (approximately 205 students, drawn from the wider district).

Gladstone has sporting/social clubs providing for Aussie Rules football, netball, cricket, tennis, golf, lawn bowls, swimming (at the local outdoor pool) and soccer (newly formed for school-aged children), all seasonal. Sporting competitions occur between clubs from the neighbouring towns within a radius of about 75 km.

Wheat and sheep are the main farming produce of the region, but Gladstone has the largest inland grain storage facility in the Southern Hemisphere, storing wheat, barley, durum wheat, peas, faba beans and fiesta beans.

The Anglican Diocese of Willochra is based in Gladstone, with the Registry (the Diocesan Office) housed in building in the main street. In addition the Bishop of Willochra lives in Bishop's House which is on the Main North Road.

Gladstone is also the home of Trend drinks, a local soft drink manufacturer, with a history dating back to 1876.

History

The town of Gladstone was privately laid out by Matthew Moorhouse east of the railway line in October 1872 on Section 31, Hundred of Yangya. A government town named Booyoolie was laid out in March 1875 on the western side of the railway line in the Hundred of Booyoolie. In 1940, Booyoolie was renamed Gladstone to match the private town and railway station. The name Gladstone is derived from the prime minister of England, William Ewart Gladstone.

During World War II, the RAAF No. 28 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot was established near Gladstone. It consisted of large tanks concealed under earthen mounds. The Gladstone depot was one of 31 fuel depots established across Australia in places that were remote from airfields and immune to naval attack.

Heritage listings

Gladstone has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • 42 Gladstone Street: National Australia Bank Building
  • 44 Gladstone Terrace: Savings Bank of South Australia Building
  • Ward Street: Old Gladstone Gaol

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