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Government of Japan facts for kids

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Government of Japan
Go-shichi no kiri crest 2.svg
Seal of the Government
Polity type Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Constitution Constitution of Japan
Legislative branch
Name National Diet
Meeting place National Diet Building
Upper house
Name House of Councillors
Lower house
Name House of Representatives
Executive branch
Head of State
Title Emperor
Currently Naruhito
Head of Government
Title Prime Minister
Currently Yoshihide Suga
Appointer Emperor
Name Cabinet of Japan
Leader Prime Minister
Appointer Prime Minister
Headquarters Prime Minister's Official Residence
Judicial branch
Supreme Court of Japan
Seat Chiyoda

The Government of Japan is the central government of Japan. The Government of Japan consists of legislature, executive and judiciary branches and is accountable to the Emperor of Japan. The Prime Minister of Japan is the chief executive of the government and is responsible for selecting ministers to serve in the Cabinet of Japan, the executive branch of the state government.

The Government runs under the framework established by the Constitution of Japan, adopted in 1947. It is a unitary state, containing forty-seven administrative divisions, with the Emperor as its Head of State. His role is ceremonial and he has no powers related to Government. Instead, it is the Cabinet, comprising the Ministers of State and the Prime Minister, that directs and controls the Government and the civil service. The Cabinet has the executive power and is formed by the Prime Minister, who is the Head of Government. He or she is designated by the National Diet and appointed to office by the Emperor.

The National Diet is the legislature, the organ of the Legislative branch. It is bicameral, consisting of two houses with the House of Councilors being the upper house, and the House of Representatives being the lower house. Its members are directly elected by the people, who are the source of sovereignty. It is defined as the supreme organ of sovereignty in the Constitution. The Supreme Court and other inferior courts make up the Judicial branch and have all the judicial powers in the state. It has ultimate judicial authority to interpret the Japanese constitution and the power of judicial review. They are independent from the executive and the legislative branches. Judges are designated or appointed by the Cabinet and never removed by the executive and the legislature except during impeachment.

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