Grand Terrace, California facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
City of Grand Terrace
City
City of Grand Terrace images from top, left to right - Grand Terrace City Hall, Blue Mountain Trail, Northeast City Entrance, Historical Plaque, Veterans Wall of Freedom
City of Grand Terrace images from top, left to right - Grand Terrace City Hall, Blue Mountain Trail, Northeast City Entrance, Historical Plaque, Veterans Wall of Freedom
Official seal of City of Grand Terrace
Seal
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated November 30, 1978
Area
 • Total 3.502 sq mi (9.070 km2)
 • Land 3.502 sq mi (9.070 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 1,063 ft (324 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 12,040
 • Estimate (2013) 12,337
 • Density 3,438.0/sq mi (1,327.5/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92313
Area code(s) 909
FIPS code 06-30658
GNIS feature ID 1660692
Website www.grandterrace-ca.gov

Grand Terrace is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 12,040 at the 2010 census, up from 11,626 at the 2000 census. Grand Terrace is located between Highgrove and Colton, along the 215 and Aqua Mansa industrial corridors. The city is situated between two mountain ridges: Blue Mountain to the east and the La Loma Hills to the west.

History

Grand Terrace's roots go back to Mexican land grants dating from the period between 1830 and 1840. Mormon settlers came shortly after, arriving in the San Bernardino Valley, during the 1850s. According to the Riverside Press, in 1876, there were nine buildings in the Terrace-Colton area. Originally, the area was simply referred to as "the Terrace," but the word "Grand," was added around 1898 due to the beautiful views which surround the city. In 1905, Seventh-day Adventists, whose medical university is now located in nearby Loma Linda, settled in the area. Grand Terrace experienced continued growth and development during the Southern California suburbia and sunbelt periods in the late half of the 20th century.

The development of Grand Terrace, or East Riverside, as the Grand Terrace-Highgrove area was called, became a reality with the construction of the Gage Canal. This 22-1/2 mile canal, built at a cost of 2 million dollars, brought water from the Santa Ana River marshlands below The Terrace. With plenty of irrigation water, Grand Terrace rapidly became an agricultural community featuring fine, quality citrus. However, the severe "freeze" of 1913 destroyed many groves. Walnuts, a hardier tree, were planted as replacements along with peaches as a quick-profit crop.

The social activities in the early 1900s centered around the Farm Bureau Extension Service and the Women's Club, followed by the PTA, in the 1930s. Since there were no local churches, people traveled to surrounding communities for worship and other church activities.

In 1962, the Grand Terrace Chamber of Commerce was organized. From the very beginning the Chamber was interested in preserving the local identity of the area, and therefore, was a strong supporter of cityhood. This group did much of the groundwork, which led to the formation of a local governing body in 1976, which was called the Municipal Advisory Council or MAC. After nearly two years of meetings and negotiations with the County, the residents went to the polls to decide the issue of cityhood. The response was a 82% vote for incorporation. On November 30, 1978, the Charter City Council was installed at Terrace Hills Junior High and Grand Terrace officially became the 16th city in San Bernardino County.

Grand Terrace was named one of the "Top 100 Cities to Live In" by Money magazine in 2007.

Overview

This 3.6-square-mile (9.3 km2) community has an average elevation of 1,065 feet (325 m). Its motto, inscribed on the city flag, is "The Blue Mountain City" (its official slogan is "A city set upon a mountain cannot be hidden"), and refers to the Blue Lupine flower that used to grow on Blue Mountain in the spring.

According to the city's web site, the 2000 census revealed that Grand Terrace has the highest median income in the Inland Empire region at $61,068. According to an article in The Press-Enterprise dated May 31, 2002, "Its clean streets, quiet neighborhoods and no violent crime are big draws for its middle-income population."

Geography

Grand Terrace is located at 34°1′52″N 117°19′0″W / 34.03111°N 117.316667°W / 34.03111; -117.316667 (34.031019, -117.316683).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 5,901
1980 8,498 44.0%
1990 10,946 28.8%
2000 11,626 6.2%
2010 12,040 3.6%
Est. 2015 12,464 3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Grand Terrace had a population of 12,040. The population density was 3,438.0 per square mile (1,327.4/km²). The racial makeup of Grand Terrace was 7,912 (65.7%) White (46.4% Non-Hispanic White), 673 (5.6%) African American, 120 (1.0%) Native American, 778 (6.5%) Asian, 32 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 1,898 (15.8%) from other races, and 627 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4,708 persons (39.1%).

The Census reported that 11,927 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 50 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 63 (0.5%) were institutionalized.

There were 4,403 households, of which 1,548 (35.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,214 (50.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 599 (13.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 254 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 285 (6.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 26 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,026 households (23.3%) were made up of individuals and 395 (9.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71. There were 3,067 families (69.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.20.

2,781 people (23.1% of the population) were under the age of 18, 1,244 people (10.3%) aged 18 to 24, 3,320 people (27.6%) aged 25 to 44, 3,195 people (26.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,500 people (12.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.1 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

There were 4,649 housing units at an average density of 1,327.5 per square mile (512.6/km²), of which 2,790 (63.4%) were owner-occupied, and 1,613 (36.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.0%. 7,848 people (65.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,079 people (33.9%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Grand Terrace had a median household income of $64,073, with 6.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line.

2000

At the 2000 census, there were 11,626 people, 4,221 households and 3,051 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,352.3 per square mile (1,293.6/km²). There were 4,458 housing units at an average density of 1,285.4 per square mile (496.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.8% White, 4.6% African American, 0.7% Native American, 5.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 9.8% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.4% of the population.

There were 4,221 households of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.6.

26.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median household income was $53,649 and the median family income was $61,068. Males had a median income of $41,417 compared with $30,491 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,787. About 4.5% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over.

Rankings

Grand Terrace was named one of the "Top 100 Cities to Live In" by Money magazine in 2007.


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