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Hall County, Texas facts for kids

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Hall County
The Hall County Courthouse in Memphis
The Hall County Courthouse in Memphis
Map of Texas highlighting Hall County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1890
Named for Warren D. C. Hall
Seat Memphis
Largest city Memphis
Area
 • Total 904 sq mi (2,340 km2)
 • Land 883 sq mi (2,290 km2)
 • Water 21 sq mi (50 km2)  2.3%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 3,353
 • Density 3.8/sq mi (1.5/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th

Hall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population is 3,353. Its county seat is Memphis. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1890. It is named for Warren D. C. Hall, a secretary of war for the Republic of Texas.

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Hall County in the Texas House of Representatives. He succeeded Rick Hardcastle of Vernon, who retired after 14 years in the position.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 904 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 883 square miles (2,290 km2) is land and 21 square miles (54 km2) (3.8%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 287.svg U.S. Highway 287
  • Texas 70.svg State Highway 70
  • Texas 86.svg State Highway 86
  • Texas 256.svg State Highway 256

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 36
1890 703 1,852.8%
1900 1,660 136.1%
1910 8,279 398.7%
1920 11,137 34.5%
1930 16,966 52.3%
1940 12,117 −28.6%
1950 10,930 −9.8%
1960 7,322 −33.0%
1970 6,015 −17.9%
1980 5,594 −7.0%
1990 3,905 −30.2%
2000 3,782 −3.1%
2010 3,353 −11.3%
2019 (est.) 2,964 −11.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, 3,782 people, 1,548 households, and 1,013 families resided in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km2). The 1,988 housing units averaged 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.97% White, 8.22% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 17.90% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. About 27.50% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 1,548 households, 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were not families; 32.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was distributed as 27.20% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 22.10% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 21.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,016, and for a family was $27,325. Males had a median income of $22,167 versus $19,050 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,210. About 21.60% of families and 26.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.80% of those under age 18 and 16.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Education

Hall County is served by these districts:

  • Memphis Independent School District
  • Turkey-Quitaque Independent School District
  • Childress Independent School District (partial)

Notable people

  • William Mac Thornberry, U.S. Representative
  • Daniel I.J. Thornton, governor of Colorado
  • Blues Boy Willie, blues musician
  • Bob Wills, musician

At one time, the JA Ranch, founded by Charles Goodnight and John George Adair, which reached into six counties, held acreage in Hall County. Minnie Lou Bradley, matriarch of the Bradley 3 Ranch in nearby Childress County, claims a Hall County address.

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