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Briscoe County, Texas facts for kids

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Briscoe County
Towering rock formation in Tule Canyon, Briscoe County
Towering rock formation in Tule Canyon, Briscoe County
Map of Texas highlighting Briscoe County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1892
Named for Andrew Briscoe
Seat Silverton
Largest city Silverton
 • Total 902 sq mi (2,340 km2)
 • Land 900 sq mi (2,000 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2)  0.2%%
 • Total 1,637
 • Density 1.8/sq mi (0.7/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th

Briscoe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of 2010 census, the population was 1,637. Its county seat is Silverton. The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1892. It is named for Andrew Briscoe, a soldier during the Texas Revolution.

At one time, the large JA Ranch, founded by Charles Goodnight and John George Adair, reached into Briscoe County. After he left the JA, Goodnight owned the Quitaque Ranch. The prominent high school football and college coach Gene Mayfield was born in Briscoe County in 1928.

Caprock Canyons State Park and Trailway is located in Briscoe County.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 900 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Tule Canyon

Mackenzie Reservoir formed after water on Tule Creek was impounded. In 1972 the project was begun, just east of the site of the slaughter of the Indian ponies by Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie's Fourth Cavalry in 1874.

Major highways

  • Texas 86.svg State Highway 86
  • Texas 207.svg State Highway 207

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 12
1900 1,253
1910 2,162 72.5%
1920 2,948 36.4%
1930 5,590 89.6%
1940 4,056 −27.4%
1950 3,528 −13.0%
1960 3,577 1.4%
1970 2,794 −21.9%
1980 2,579 −7.7%
1990 1,971 −23.6%
2000 1,790 −9.2%
2010 1,637 −8.5%
Est. 2015 1,505 −8.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,790 people, 724 households, and 511 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,006 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.35% White, 2.29% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 11.45% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. 22.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 724 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 22.00% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 19.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,917, and the median income for a family was $35,326. Males had a median income of $25,854 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,218. About 11.50% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.00% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.



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