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Hardeman County, Texas facts for kids

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Hardeman County
The Hardeman County Courthouse in Quanah
The Hardeman County Courthouse in Quanah
Map of Texas highlighting Hardeman County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1884
Seat Quanah
Largest city Quanah
Area
 • Total 697 sq mi (1,810 km2)
 • Land 695 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water 1.8 sq mi (5 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 3,549
 • Density 5.092/sq mi (1.9660/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 13th

Hardeman County ( HAR-di-mən) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 3,549. The county seat and largest city is Quanah. The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1884. It is named for two brothers, Bailey Hardeman and Thomas Jones Hardeman, early Texas politicians and legislators. Hardeman County was one of 46 prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas until November 2006, when voters approved referendums to permit the legal sale of alcoholic beverages for on- and off-premises consumption.

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has represented Hardeman County in the Texas Senate since 2021, and previously in the Texas House of Representatives from 2013 to 2021.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 square miles (1,810 km2), of which 695 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.3%) is water.

The Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River joins with Buck Creek in the northwestern corner of the county to form the Red River, which flows east to form the northern border of the county, separating it from Oklahoma.

Hardeman County is the northernmost county in Texas that is not part of the Texas Panhandle.

Major highways

  • US 287.svg U.S. Highway 287
  • Texas 6.svg State Highway 6

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 50
1890 3,904 7,708.0%
1900 3,634 −6.9%
1910 11,213 208.6%
1920 12,487 11.4%
1930 14,532 16.4%
1940 11,073 −23.8%
1950 10,212 −7.8%
1960 8,275 −19.0%
1970 6,795 −17.9%
1980 6,368 −6.3%
1990 5,283 −17.0%
2000 4,724 −10.6%
2010 4,139 −12.4%
2020 3,549 −14.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Hardeman County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 2,938 2,441 70.98% 68.78%
Black or African American alone (NH) 217 130 5.24% 3.66%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 15 14 0.36% 0.39%
Asian alone (NH) 12 18 0.29% 0.51%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 1 0.00% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 1 7 0.02% 0.20%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 67 120 1.62% 3.38%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 889 818 21.48% 23.05%
Total 4,139 3,549 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Attractions

  • Copper Breaks State Park, which is operated by the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, is located in far southern Hardeman County near the Pease River just off State Highway 6, about 12 miles (19 km) south of Quanah. The park features a portion of the state Texas longhorn herd.
  • Lake Pauline is located off U.S. Highway 287, 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Quanah.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

  • Goodlett

Ghost towns

Economy

Georgia-Pacific operates a gypsum plant in the small community of Acme, located 6 miles (9.7 km) west of Quanah on U.S. Highway 287.

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