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Hardeman County, Texas facts for kids

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Hardeman County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Hardeman County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1884
Seat Quanah
Largest City Quanah
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

697 sq mi (1,805 km²)
695 sq mi (1,800 km²)
1.8 sq mi (5 km²), 0.3%
 - (2010)
 - Density

6.0/sq mi (2/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Hardeman County (/ˈhɑːrdmən/ HAR-di-mən) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,139. The county seat and largest city is Quanah. The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1884. It is named for two brothers, Bailey Hardeman and Thomas Jones Hardeman, early Texas politicians and legislators. Hardeman County was one of 46 prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas until November 2006, when voters approved referendums to permit the legal sale of alcoholic beverages for on- and off-premises consumption.

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Hardeman County in the Texas House of Representatives.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 square miles (1,810 km2), of which 695 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.3%) is water.

The Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River joins with Buck Creek in the northwestern corner of the county to form the Red River, which flows east to form the northern border of the county, separating it from Oklahoma.

Hardeman County is the northernmost county in Texas that is not part of the Texas Panhandle.

Major highways

  • US 287.svg U.S. Highway 287
  • Texas 6.svg State Highway 6

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 50
1890 3,904 7,708.0%
1900 3,634 −6.9%
1910 11,213 208.6%
1920 12,487 11.4%
1930 14,532 16.4%
1940 11,073 −23.8%
1950 10,212 −7.8%
1960 8,275 −19.0%
1970 6,795 −17.9%
1980 6,368 −6.3%
1990 5,283 −17.0%
2000 4,724 −10.6%
2010 4,139 −12.4%
Est. 2015 3,840 −7.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,724 people, 1,943 households, and 1,319 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,358 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.41% White, 4.83% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 7.09% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. 14.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,943 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 20.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,312, and the median income for a family was $33,325. Males had a median income of $26,683 versus $18,566 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,824. About 14.60% of families and 17.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 13.40% of those age 65 or over.


  • Copper Breaks State Park, which is operated by the Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, is located in far southern Hardeman County near the Pease River just off State Highway 6, about 12 miles (19 km) south of Quanah. The park features a portion of the state Texas longhorn herd.
  • Lake Pauline is located off U.S. Highway 287, 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Quanah.



Unincorporated communities

  • Goodlett

Ghost towns

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