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Helena, Georgia
Helena Water Tower
Helena Water Tower
Location in Telfair County and the state of Georgia
Location in Telfair County and the state of Georgia
Country United States
State Georgia
Counties Telfair, Wheeler
Area
 • Total 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Land 2.1 sq mi (5.5 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
240 ft (73 m)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total 2,307
 • Density 1,098.6/sq mi (419.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
31037
Area code(s) 229
FIPS code 13-37816
GNIS feature ID 0315302

Helena is a city in Telfair and Wheeler counties in the U.S. state of Georgia. The population was 2,883 at the 2010 census, up from 2,307 in 2000 and 1,256 in 1990. The population increase accompanied establishment of the McRae Correctional Institution, which provided new jobs. The prison population is counted as well. On January 1, 2015, Helena and the adjacent city (and Telfair County seat) of McRae merged to form McRae-Helena.

Geography

Helena is located at 32°4′29″N 82°54′46″W / 32.07472°N 82.91278°W / 32.07472; -82.91278 (32.074601, -82.912698).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 604
1910 890 47.4%
1920 928 4.3%
1930 963 3.8%
1940 1,073 11.4%
1950 1,027 −4.3%
1960 1,290 25.6%
1970 1,230 −4.7%
1980 1,390 13.0%
1990 1,256 −9.6%
2000 2,307 83.7%
2010 2,883 25.0%
Est. 2014 2,893 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,307 people, 520 households, and 322 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,092.3 people per square mile (422.2/km²). There were 603 housing units at an average density of 285.5 per square mile (110.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.35% White, 54.18% African American, 0.39% Asian, 2.43% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.42% of the population.

There were 520 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city, the population was spread out with 14.2% under the age of 18, 15.3% from 18 to 24, 44.5% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 235.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 281.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,212, and the median income for a family was $25,543. Males had a median income of $26,772 versus $18,208 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,520. About 25.3% of families and 29.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.0% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.

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