High Springs, Florida facts for kids

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High Springs, Florida
City
City Hall
City Hall
Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida
Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida
Country  United States
State  Florida
County  Alachua
Area
 • Total 22.0 sq mi (57.1 km2)
 • Land 22.0 sq mi (56.9 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 66 ft (20 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,350
 • Density 244/sq mi (94.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 32643, 32655
Area code(s) 386
FIPS code 12-30525
GNIS feature ID 0307633
Website highsprings.us

High Springs is a city in Alachua County, Florida, United States. The population was 5,350 at the 2010 census.

Geography

High Springs is located at 28°49′N 82°36′W / 28.817°N 82.6°W / 28.817; -82.6 (29.8245, -82.5953).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.0 square miles (57.1 km2), of which 22.0 square miles (56.9 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2) (0.36%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,562
1910 1,468 −6.0%
1920 1,719 17.1%
1930 1,864 8.4%
1940 2,010 7.8%
1950 2,088 3.9%
1960 2,329 11.5%
1970 2,787 19.7%
1980 2,491 −10.6%
1990 3,144 26.2%
2000 3,863 22.9%
2010 5,350 38.5%
Est. 2015 5,831 9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,863 people, 1,539 households, and 1,063 families residing in the city. The population density was 209.3 inhabitants per square mile (80.8/km²). There were 1,668 housing units at an average density of 90.4 per square mile (34.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.42% White, 21.18% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were .02% and Cubans were 4.1 of the population.

There were 1,539 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,354, and the median income for a family was $43,779. Males had a median income of $32,959 versus $22,109 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,919. About 9.5% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

Library

The Alachua County Library District operates a branch library on NW 1st Avenue in downtown, High Springs. The library is open 7 days a week, provides regular programming for all ages, and circulates print books, audiobooks, music CDs, and DVDs. Free computer and internet access is available to all patrons.

In 1958, the North Florida Telephone Company offered the loan of its vacant building to the High Springs Parent-Teacher Association for the creation of the first Alachua County branch library located outside of Gainesville. The High Springs Library opened at this location the following year. After years of community fund raising, ground was broken in 1976 for a new 3,000 sq. ft. library building. The second and current library location opened its doors on January 3, 1977. Children from High Springs formed a block-long human chain to move the book collection from the old library to the new one.

History

The northwest region of Alachua County was probably first settled on a permanent basis by English-speaking people during the late 1830s. One of the earliest settlements in the vicinity was at Crockett Springs, located about three miles east of present-day High Springs. Settlers who were living there during the 1840s included Fernando Underwood and Marshal Blanton. A discernible town began to develop in the early 1880s after a railroad was constructed and several phosphate mines were established. In 1888 the local post office changed its name from Orion to High Springs, and the town was officially incorporated in 1892.


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