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Hillcrest, Rockland County, New York facts for kids

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Hillcrest, New York
Location in Rockland County and the state of New York.
Location in Rockland County and the state of New York.
Hillcrest, Rockland County, New York is located in New York
Hillcrest, Rockland County, New York
Hillcrest, Rockland County, New York
Location in New York
Country United States
State New York
County Rockland
Area
 • Total 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Land 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
512 ft (156 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 8,164
 • Density 6,280/sq mi (2,470/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code 36-34693
GNIS feature ID 0952813

Hillcrest is a hamlet incorporated in 1893 and census-designated place, in the town of Ramapo, Rockland County, New York, United States. It is located north of Spring Valley, east of Viola, south of New Square and New Hempstead, and west of New City. The population was 8,164 at the 2020 census.

It is a bedroom suburb of New York City, as many residents commute to employment in Manhattan (and, to a lesser extent, northern New Jersey) by bus (Red and Tan Lines), train (Metro-North Railroad) or automobile. It is primarily served by the Spring Valley post office.

History

In the early 1900s, Hillcrest became a summer retreat for working-class families from New York City; the families could access Hillcrest by train from New Jersey (after ferrying across to the western shore of the Hudson). In 1955, the Tappan Zee Bridge opened (connecting Tarrytown in Westchester County with Nyack in Rockland County), increasing traffic into the community and making access to New York City easier for the local population. Along with many other communities in the lower Hudson Valley, Hillcrest became a destination for White Flight from New York City in the 1950s through 1970s. Craig H. Long, the Town of Ramapo historian, said that many secular Jews were part of the first wave of settlers into Hillcrest after the opening of the Tappan Zee. In the 1960s, Hillcrest attracted Jews from the boroughs of Brooklyn and The Bronx in New York City; the Jewish people going to Hillcrest desired inexpensive starter homes, a short commute and a suburban atmosphere.

In the 1990s, the community attracted immigrants from Asia and the Caribbean, as well as from Brooklyn and The Bronx, who moved to the community for the same reasons as the Jews did in previous decades. In the 1990s, the community lost a greater percentage of white people than any other place in New York. From 1980 to 2001, the community's demographics changed from almost completely white to around one-fifth white. David W. Chen of The New York Times said that "perhaps one of the reasons Hillcrest has managed to evolve so significantly yet anonymously" is the community's hamlet status; he added that "even within Ramapo, Hillcrest is often overlooked." Chen reported that many real estate agents and residents said that no one factor caused or contributed to the ethnic change. Many families moved because their children became adults and they wanted lower property tax rates or because they retired and moved to warmer climates. The significant exodus of Jews from Hillcrest in the 1990s resulted in the closure of many local businesses that had operated for more than thirty years, including kosher butcher shops, kosher delis and bakeries in Hillcrest and nearby communities such as Spring Valley and New City.

Geography

Hillcrest is located at 41°7′47″N 74°2′8″W / 41.12972°N 74.03556°W / 41.12972; -74.03556 (41.129645, -74.035527).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), all land.

Hillcrest is located on the eastern edge of the town of Ramapo, approximately midway between the town of Haverstraw to the north and the New Jersey border (Bergen County) to the south. Hillcrest is bordered on the north by the villages of New Hempstead and New Square, on the south by the village of Spring Valley and by an unincorporated area of the town of Ramapo, on the east by an unincorporated area of the town of Clarkstown, and on the west by the villages of New Hempstead and Viola.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
2010 7,558
2020 8,164 8.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
2010 2020

2020 census

Hillcrest CDP, New York - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 943 881 12.48% 10.79%
Black or African American alone (NH) 4,065 3,070 53.78% 37.60%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 14 47 0.19% 0.58%
Asian alone (NH) 817 599 10.81% 7.34%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 4 0 0.05% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 50 75 0.66% 0.92%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 154 131 2.04% 1.60%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,511 3,361 19.99% 41.17%
Total 7,558 8,164 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

Education

The community is within the East Ramapo Central School District.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Hillcrest (condado de Rockland) para niños

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