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Hooper Bay

Naparyaarmiut
Hooper Bay with wind turbines in background.
Hooper Bay with wind turbines in background.
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Coordinates: 61°31′44″N 166°05′46″W / 61.52889°N 166.09611°W / 61.52889; -166.09611Coordinates: 61°31′44″N 166°05′46″W / 61.52889°N 166.09611°W / 61.52889; -166.09611
Country United States
State Alaska
Census Area Kusilvak
Incorporated February 7, 1966
Area
 • Total 7.53 sq mi (19.50 km2)
 • Land 7.50 sq mi (19.42 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
26 ft (8 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,375
 • Density 183.41/sq mi (70.81/km2)
Time zone UTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP code
99604
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-33470
GNIS feature ID 1403493
Edward S. Curtis Collection People 011
Hooper Bay youth, 1930

Hooper Bay (Central Yupik: Naparyaarmiut ) is a city in Kusilvak Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 1,093, up from 1,014 in 2000.

On August 3, 2006, a major fire destroyed approximately fifteen acres of the city including thirty-five structures, twelve homes, the elementary school, middle school, high school, teacher housing complex, stores, offices and storage shelters, leaving 70 people homeless.

Geography

Hooper Bay is located at 61°31′44″N 166°5′46″W / 61.52889°N 166.09611°W / 61.52889; -166.09611 (61.528980, -166.096196). Hooper Bay is located 20 miles (32 km) south of Cape Romanzof, 25 miles (40 km) south of Scammon Bay in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. The city is separated into two sections: a heavily built-up townsite located on gently rolling hills, and a newer section in the lowlands.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.8 square miles (23 km2), of which, 8.7 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.91%) is water. The climate in Hooper Bay is maritime. The mean annual snowfall is 75 inches (1,900 mm), with a total precipitation of 16 inches (410 mm). Temperatures range between -25° and 79°F.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 175
1890 138 −21.1%
1930 209
1940 299 43.1%
1950 307 2.7%
1960 460 49.8%
1970 490 6.5%
1980 627 28.0%
1990 845 34.8%
2000 1,014 20.0%
2010 1,093 7.8%
2020 1,375 25.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

Hooper Bay first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as an Yup'ik settlement of Askinuk. On the 1890 census, it returned as Askinaghamiut. It did not appear again until 1930, when it was first returned as Hooper Bay. It formally incorporated in 1966.

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,014 people, 227 households, and 187 families residing in the city. The population density was 116.8 people per square mile (45.1/km2). There were 239 housing units at an average density of 27.5 per square mile (10.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 4.24% White, 93.69% Native American, and 2.07% from two or more races. 0.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 227 households, out of which 61.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% were married couples living together, 30.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.6% were non-families. 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 0.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.47 and the average family size was 4.97.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 49.2% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 11.5% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 18 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,667, and the median income for a family was $27,500. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $32,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $7,841. About 28.4% of families and 27.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1% of those under age 18 and 31.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade attend Hooper Bay School, also known as Naparyarmiut Elicarviat, administered by the Lower Yukon School District. It is a bilingual school with a Yup'ik language immersion program in kindergarten through third grade, the first program of its kind in the district. High school students have the option of the state's public boarding schools, Nenana Student Living Center and Mt. Edgecumbe High School.

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