Satellite image of the Iberian Peninsula.
|Area||582,000 km2 (225,000 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3,478 m (11,411 ft)|
|Population||Over 57 million|
The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is the southwest part of Europe. Like all peninsulas, it is mostly surrounded by sea. To the south and east of the peninsula is the Mediterranean Sea. To its north and west is the Atlantic Ocean. It is the third largest peninsula of Europe with an area of 582,860 km². The name Iberia is the Ancient Greek name for the area which the Romans called "Hispania". The word Hispania is now used for Spain, while the word Iberia is used for the whole area.
Countries & territories
The Iberian Peninsula is divided into:
- Spain, occupying most of the peninsula, including the centre, east and northwest
- Portugal, occupying most of the west of the peninsula
- Andorra, a very small nation at the northern edge of the peninsula in the Pyrenees between Spain and France
- Gibraltar, a tiny British territory in the south, bordering Spain
Islamic rule: al-Andalus c.1000
Iberian Peninsula Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.